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What’s in a translation rule?
TLDR
The theory is used to introduce a linear algorithm that can be used to derive from word-aligned, parallel corpora the minimal set of syntactically motivated transformation rules that explain human translation data.
Tuning as Ranking
TLDR
Pro's scalability and effectiveness is established by comparing it to MERT and MIRA and parity is demonstrated on both phrase-based and syntax-based systems in a variety of language pairs, using large scale data scenarios.
Individual variability following 12 weeks of supervised exercise: identification and characterization of compensation for exercise-induced weight loss
TLDR
These results demonstrate that expressing the exercise-induced change in body weight as a group mean conceals the large inter-individual variability inBody weight and compensatory responses.
Metabolic and Behavioral Compensatory Responses to Exercise Interventions: Barriers to Weight Loss
TLDR
It is proposed that some individuals will be predisposed to compensatory responses that render them resistant to the weight loss benefits theoretically associated with an exercise‐induced increase in energy expenditure, and exercise prescriptions might be more effective if tailored to suit individuals.
Body composition and appetite: fat-free mass (but not fat mass or BMI) is positively associated with self-determined meal size and daily energy intake in humans
TLDR
Results showed that meal size and daily energy intake were significantly correlated with fat-free mass but not with fat mass (FM) or BMI, and data appear to indicate that, under these circumstances, some signal associated with lean mass (but not FM) exerts a determining effect over self-selected food consumption.
Appetite control and energy balance: impact of exercise
TLDR
There is evidence that exercise will influence all of these components that, in turn, will influence the drive to eat through the modulation of hunger and adjustments in postprandial satiety via an interaction with food composition.
No sex difference in body fat in response to supervised and measured exercise.
TLDR
Males and premenopausal females did not differ in their response to a 12-wk exercise intervention and achieved similar reductions in body fat and when exercise interventions are supervised and energy expenditure is controlled, there are no sex-based differences in the measured compensatory response to exercise.
Clarifying the Usage of Structural Models for Commonsense Causal Reasoning
Recently, Halpern and Pearl proposed a definition of actual cause within the framework of structural models. In this paper, we explicate some of the assumptions underlying their definition, and
Extending a Parser to Distant Domains Using a Few Dozen Partially Annotated Examples
TLDR
It is shown that recent advances in word representations greatly diminish the need for domain adaptation when the target domain is syntactically similar to the source domain, and a simple way to adapt a parser using only dozens of partial annotations is provided.
Role of resting metabolic rate and energy expenditure in hunger and appetite control: a new formulation
TLDR
It is proposed that FFM (the largest contributor to resting metabolic rate), but not body mass index or FM, is closely associated with self-determined meal size and daily energy intake, which has implications for understanding weight regulation and the management of obesity.
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