Žilvinas Padaiga

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We aimed to study the incidence of Type I diabetes in 4 countries, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Finland, during 1983–1998, focusing on the two separate periods of 1983–1990 and 1991–1998. Population-based incidence data from nationwide diabetes registries were used. Crude and age-standardized incidence rates using the proportions of 39 %, 32 % and 29 %(More)
BACKGROUND Early weaning diet, early introduction of breast milk substitution and cow's milk have been shown to increase the risk of type 1 diabetes later in life. It is also shown that older maternal age, maternal education, preeclampsia, prematurity, neonatal illness and neonatal icterus caused by blood group incompatibility, infections and stress might(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarize the prevalence and the incidence of serious morbidity from studies reporting data on severe maternal morbidity and to compare study designs and definitions. METHODS A literature search was used to identify relevant studies, which report data on prevalence/incidence of severe complications during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum.(More)
BACKGROUND The evaluation of quality of life and self-perceived health represents an assessment of the impact of treatment on patient functioning and well-being. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to explore the impact of methadone maintenance treatment on quality of life and self-perceived health of opioid-dependent persons in Lithuania. METHODS A total of 102(More)
Severity of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) at presentation was compared between south-east Sweden and Lithuania where incidence of childhood Type 1 diabetes is three times lower than in Sweden. New cases of diabetes at age 0-15 years from August 1995 to March 1999 in south-east Sweden and from August 1996 to August 2000 in Lithuania were included. Symptoms(More)
BACKGROUND When health care reform was started in 1991, the physician workforce in Lithuania was dominated by specialists, and the specialty of family physician (FP) did not exist at all. During fifteen years of Lithuania's independence this specialty evolved rapidly and over 1,900 FPs were trained or retrained. Since 2003, the Lithuanian health care sector(More)
We investigated whether other autoimmune disorders in addition to type 1 diabetes are more common in Sweden than Lithuania, and if there are any differences in inheritance patterns of both type 1 diabetes and other autoimmune disorders. Data from 517 children in southeast Sweden and 286 children in Lithuania aged 0-15 years were included in the study. Age-(More)
We compared the prevalence of beta-cell autoantibodies and genetic risk factors in Sweden and Lithuania. Ninety-six patients from Sweden and 96 from Lithuania matched for age and gender (1-15 years old, median age 9.0 years) were included. We analyzed autoantibodies to insulin (IAA), glutamic acid decarboxylase (GADA) and the protein tyrosine phosphatase(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Although the cost of treating women with breast cancer (BC) is an important component for cost saving and effectiveness in relation to the benefits of BC treatment interventions, there is limited information on the direct cost reported for BC in Lithuania. Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate annual direct medical cost(More)