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Patients with anterior cervical spine fixation (ACSF) after acute spinal cord injury often require tracheostomy for prolonged ventilatory support and upper respiratory tract clearance. The authors report two patients with ACSF who underwent a successful ultrasonographically guided percutaneous tracheostomy with dilatation forceps technique. Possible(More)
AIM To evaluate the effect of metoclopramide on gastric emptying in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery patients with early enteral nutrition and to evaluate the effect of metoclopramide on motility of the gallbladder in these patients. METHODS A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of 40 patients treated at(More)
Infections are leading causes of increased morbidity and mortality of severe traumatic brain-injured (STBI) patients. The mechanism underlying the susceptibility to the infections is still unexplained. The purpose of the study was to investigate changes in frequency of leucocytes subpopulations in peripheral blood of patients with STBI during the course of(More)
The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the role of ultrasonography in avoiding cranial misplacement of the tracheostomy tube and tracheal ring fractures during percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT). The tracheas of 26 consecutive ICU patients who had undergone PDT but who later died were removed en bloc at autopsy. The tracheas were opened(More)
Purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of low molecular weight heparin, enoxaparin, on different parameters of the hippocampal damage following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the rat. TBI of moderate severity was performed over the left parietal cortex using the lateral fluid percussion brain injury model. Animals were s.c. injected with(More)
Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a widely used and accepted method of long-term ventilation of critically ill patients in many intensive care units. However, it has certain contraindications that must be taken into account; for example, difficult anatomy and short, bull neck that are so often seen in morbidly obese persons. We present a case(More)
Despite significant improvements in therapeutics, acute kidney injury (AKI) is still associated with high morbidity and mortality. One of the main reasons is delayed detection and initial therapy. There are some novel biomarkers which can help in dignostics of AKI. The most promising among them is neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL). This(More)
During the past ten years, the efforts to improve and organize the national transplantation system in Croatia have resulted in a steadily growing donor rate, which reached its highest level in 2011, with 33.6 utilized donors per million population (p.m.p.). Nowadays, Croatia is one of the leading countries in the world according to deceased donation and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIM The gallbladder volume is a predictor of biliary stasis and the formation of biliary sludge. Biliary stasis and sludge have been recently recognized as the precursors of acute acalculous cholecystitis, as well as 'idiopathic' postoperative pancreatitis, rare but very serious complications after surgery. The aim of the study was to establish(More)
AIM To evaluate effectiveness and quality of care in a single intensive care unit (ICU) by the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II). METHODS A prospective study included 395 patients from the ICU at Rijeka University Hospital, Croatia. The sum of the SAPS II points was used for calculating predicted mortality for each patient. The observed death(More)