Željka Korade

Learn More
During the development of the sympathetic nervous system, the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) has a dual function: promoting survival together with TrkA in response to NGF, but inducing cell death upon binding pro or mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Apoptotic signaling through p75NTR requires activation of the stress kinase, JNK. However,(More)
Axon-Schwann cell interactions are critical for myelin formation during peripheral nerve development and regeneration. Axonal contact promotes Schwann cell precursors to differentiate into a myelinating phenotype, and cAMP-elevating agents can mimic this; however, the mechanisms underlying this differentiation are poorly understood. We demonstrated(More)
Lipid rafts are specialized membrane microdomains that serve as organizing centers for assembly of signaling molecules, influence membrane fluidity and trafficking of membrane proteins, and regulate different cellular processes such as neurotransmission and receptor trafficking. In this article, we provide an overview of current methods for studying lipid(More)
There is evidence that major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with increased peripheral markers of oxidative stress. To explore oxidation and antioxidant response in MDD, we assayed human dermal fibroblast cultures derived from skin biopsies of age-, race-, and sex-matched individuals in depressed and normal control groups (n = 16 each group),(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral biomarkers for major psychiatric disorders have been an elusive target for the last half a century. Dermal fibroblasts are a simple, relevant, and much underutilized model for studying molecular processes of patients with affective disorders, as they share considerable similarity of signal transduction with neuronal tissue. METHODS(More)
Normal brain function depends critically on cholesterol. Although cholesterol is synthesized locally in the adult brain, the precise anatomical localization of cholesterogenic enzymes is not known. Here we show that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoAred) and 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (7dhcred), the first and last enzymes,(More)
Free radical chain oxidation of highly oxidizable 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC), initiated by 2,2'-azobis(4-methoxy-2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile), was carried out at 37 degrees C in benzene for 24 h. Fifteen oxysterols derived from 7-DHC were isolated and characterized with 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. A mechanism that involves abstraction(More)
During embryonic development, neural crest cells give rise to many structures in peripheral tissues. Other neural tube cells are thought to contribute only to structures within the CNS. In contrast to this idea, we report a second wave of migration of cells away from the spinal cord occurring after the emigration of crest cells is complete. Neuroepithelial(More)
At early neural tube stages, individual stem cells can generate neural crest cells as well as dorsal or ventral spinal cord cells. To determine whether this pluripotency is lost as development proceeds, we back-transplanted quail spinal cells from different developmental stages and different spinal locations into the crest migratory pathways of st 16-20(More)
Development of sensory projections was studied in cultured spinal segments with attached dorsal root ganglia. In spinal segments from stage 30 (E6.5) and older chicken embryos, prelabeled muscle and cutaneous afferents established appropriate projections. Cutaneous afferents terminated solely within the dorsolateral laminae, whereas some muscle afferents(More)