Šimon Vaculín

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This review, which summarizes our findings concerning the long-term effects of pre-, peri- and postnatal factors affecting development, nociception and sensorimotor functions, focuses on three areas: 1) perinatal factors influencing nociception in adult rats were examined in rats with hippocampal lesions, after the administration of stress influencing and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to describe the effect of motor cortex stimulation (MCS) on pain thresholds in deafferentated rats. SETTINGS AND DESIGN The effect of MCS was studied in 18 deafferentated and 14 intact laboratory rats, using a standardised plantar test and tail-flick latencies. Two inoxious stimulation electrodes were implanted(More)
Motor cortex stimulation (MCS) has gained a significant role in treatment of neuropathic pain. In order to evaluate effect of MCS in experimental animals we applied MCS to rats with neuropathic pain, which was evoked by chronic constriction injury (CCI) to the left sciatic nerve. Pain thresholds of both hind limbs were measured before, immediately after(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to describe the development of self-mutilation after extensive dorsal rhizotomy of the brachial plexus performed during early ontogeny in rats. SETTINGS AND DESIGN The rhizotomy was performed in three groups of rats according to the central nervous system maturation: infant, young, and adult. After the surgery the(More)
Animal models are important for the investigation of mechanisms and therapeutic approaches in various human diseases, including schizophrenia. Recently, two neurodevelopmental rat models of this psychosis were developed based upon the use of subunit selective N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonists--quinolinic acid (QUIN) and N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate(More)
Reactive oxygen species play an important role both in physiological and pathophysiological reactions. The aim of this study was to determine the role of free radicals and antioxidants in the development of visceral pain. Visceral pain was produced by colorectal distension (CRD) in adult rats. CRD was caused by insertion of a lubricated latex balloon into(More)
Baclofen, which is a specific agonist of the metabotropic GABA(B) receptor, is used in clinical practice for the treatment of spasticity of skeletal muscles. It also exerts an analgesic effect, but this effect is still not clear and especially controversial in neuropathic pain. In this work, we studied the antinociceptive effects of baclofen in a model of(More)
Hippocampal lesions in newborn rats alter the development of mechanisms involved in the processing of nociception. The hippocampal lesion was induced by the bilateral infusion, into the lateral cerebral ventricles, of 0.25 microL of saline containing either 0.25 micromol quinolinic acid (QUIN) and/or 0.25 micromol N-acetyl-L-aspartyl-L-glutamate (NAAG) on(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of unilateral dorsal root section at the cervicothoracic level of the spinal cord on the spontaneous neuronal activity of medial thalamic nuclei in the rat. Single unit extracellular recordings from thalamic nuclei, nc. parafascicularis and nc. centralis lateralis, were obtained with glass micropipettes.(More)
Unilateral dorsal rhizotomy of brachial plexus nerves (C5-Th1) performed under general anesthesia is known to induce self-mutilation in rats. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different anesthetic agents, and of pre-rhizotomy nociceptive stimulation on the appearance of self-mutilation. Self-mutilation appeared in 78% of animals after(More)