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Changes in intrinsic optical signals could be related to cell swelling; however, the evidence is not compelling. We measured light transmittance, ECS volume fraction (alpha), and extracellular K+ in rat spinal cord slices during electrical stimulation and the application of elevated potassium, NMDA, or anisoosmotic solutions. Dorsal root stimulation (10(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether rabbit bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) effectively decrease alkali-induced oxidative stress in the rabbit cornea. The alkali (0.15 N NaOH) was applied on the corneas of the right eyes and then rinsed with tap water. In the first group of rabbits the injured corneas remained untreated. In(More)
In rat brain and spinal cord slices, the local extracellular accumulation of K(+), as indicated by K(+) tail currents (I(tail)) after a depolarization step, is greater in the vicinity of oligodendrocytes than that of astrocytes. It has been suggested that this may reflect a smaller extracellular space (ECS) around oligodendrocytes compared to astrocytes(More)
Spinal cord injury triggers a complex set of events that lead to tissue healing without the restoration of normal function due to the poor regenerative capacity of the spinal cord. Nevertheless, current knowledge about the intrinsic regenerative ability of central nervous system axons, when in a supportive environment, has made the prospect of treating(More)
[K(+)](e) increase accompanies many pathological states in the CNS and evokes changes in astrocyte morphology and glial fibrillary acidic protein expression, leading to astrogliosis. Changes in the electrophysiological properties and volume regulation of astrocytes during the early stages of astrocytic activation were studied using the patch-clamp technique(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is the main component of intermediate filaments in astrocytes. To assess its function in astrocyte swelling, we compared astrocyte membrane properties and swelling in spinal cord slices of 8- to 10-day-old wild-type control (GFAP(+/+)) and GFAP-knockout (GFAP(-/-)) mice. Membrane currents and K(+) accumulation around(More)
The use of nanotechnology in cell therapy and tissue engineering offers promising future perspectives for brain and spinal cord injury treatment. Stem cells have been shown to selectively target injured brain and spinal cord tissue and improve functional recovery. To allow cell detection, superparamagnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles can be used to label(More)
Stem cell (SC) therapy represents a promising approach to treat a wide variety of injuries, inherited diseases, or acquired SC deficiencies. One of the major problems associated with SC therapy remains the absence of a suitable matrix for SC growth and transfer. We describe here the growth and metabolic characteristics of mouse limbal stem cells (LSCs) and(More)
Modifications of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) with laminin-derived Ac-CGGASIKVAVS-OH peptide sequences have been developed to construct scaffolds that promote cell adhesion and neural differentiation. Radical copolymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate with 2-aminoethyl methacrylate (AEMA) and ethylene dimethacrylate in the presence of(More)
Damaged neural tissue is regenerated by neural stem cells (NSCs), which represent a rare and difficult-to-culture cell population. Therefore, alternative sources of stem cells are being tested to replace a shortage of NSCs. Here we show that mouse adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be effectively differentiated into cells expressing(More)