Đurđica Ugarković

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The intriguing diversity of highly abundant satellite repeats found even among closely related species can result from processes leading to dramatic changes in copy number of a particular sequence in the genome and not from rapid accumulation of mutations. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the distribution of the PRAT satellite DNA family, a highly(More)
A novel highly abundant satellite DNA comprising 20% of the genome has been characterized in Palorus subdepressus (Insecta, Coleoptera). The 72-bp-long monomer sequence is composed of two copies of T2A5T octanucleotide alternating with 22-nucleotide-long elements of an inverted repeat. Phylogenetic analysis revealed clustering of monomer sequence variants(More)
Transcripts of centromeric satellite DNAs are known to play a role in heterochromatin formation as well as in establishment of the kinetochore. However, little is known about basic mechanisms of satellite DNA expression within constitutive heterochromatin and its regulation. Here we present comprehensive analysis of transcription of abundant centromeric(More)
Total RNA was isolated from rat platelets by guanidinium — acid —phenol extraction, and mRNA for the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) transporter (5HTt) was identified. From a typical starting sample of 20mL of rat blood (∼9 × 109 platelets), 14 to 17μg of total platelet RNA was obtained. Northern blot analysis, using32P-labeled 5HTt cDNA as a probe,(More)
In the beetle genus Tribolium, satellite DNAs comprise a significant amount of pericentromeric heterochromatin and are characterized by rapid turnover resulting in species specific profiles. In the present work we characterize the major pericentromeric satellite DNA TCAST of the beetle T. castaneum and analyse its population dynamics. Using direct(More)
Non-coding repetitive DNAs have been proposed to perform a gene regulatory role, however for tandemly repeated satellite DNA no such role was defined until now. Here we provide the first evidence for a role of satellite DNA in the modulation of gene expression under specific environmental conditions. The major satellite DNA TCAST1 in the beetle Tribolium(More)
Tandemly repeated satellite DNAs are among most rapidly evolving sequences in eukaryotic genome, usually differing significantly among closely related species. By inducing changes in heterochromatin and/or centromere, satellite DNAs are expected to drive population and species divergence. However, despite high evolutionary dynamics, divergence of satellite(More)
Two highly abundant satellite DNAs comprise 36% of the Tenebrio obscurus (Tenebrionidae, Coleoptera) genome. They are designated as satellite I and satellite II with the monomer length of 344 and 142 base pairs (bp), respectively. Both satellites differ in their nucleotide (nt) sequences, but the frequency of point mutations, well-conserved length of(More)
In the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum the major TCAST satellite DNA accounts for 35% of the genome and encompasses the pericentromeric regions of all chromosomes. Because of the presence of transcriptional regulatory elements and transcriptional activity in these sequences, TCAST satellite DNAs also have been proposed to be modulators of gene(More)
Heterochromatin characteristics have been studied in Leptinotarsa decemlineata belonging to the leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae) and compared to the thoroughly analysed heterochromatin of the mealworm beetle Tenebrio molitor, representing darkling beetles (Tenebrionidae). C-banding reveals heterochromatin in pericentromeric regions of all chromosomes of both(More)