Čestmír Beneš

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OBJECTIVES Analysis of cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) with confirmed food-borne transmission in patients who were unaware of tick attachment prior to the onset of illness. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data on laboratory confirmed cases of TBE reported in the Czech Republic (CR) in 1997-2008 were obtained from the EPIDAT system. Patient interview data were(More)
A marked increase in tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) incidence has been observed in Europe during the last 2 decades. Hypothetical causes include global climatic fluctuations, human-induced environmental changes, and socio-economic changes. These factors are thought to be disproportionately relevant in different geographical areas. To date, epidemiological(More)
We studied the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in the Czech Republic by analysing two sources of data. The incidence of pneumococcal meningitis based on routine notification data varied between 0.4 and 0.6/100 000 population between 1997 and 2006. The incidence of IPD based on laboratory surveillance varied between 2.3 and 4.3/100 000(More)
Laboratory confirmed cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) have been reported in the Czech Republic since 1971. Peaks of incidence occurred at 2 to 5-year intervals. The incidence in the eighties was generally lower than in seventies. In the nineties there was a sharp increase in incidence that peaked in 1995 (7.2/100,000). TBE cases occur from April to(More)
The steep rise in the incidence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in the 1990s and its subsequent high level in the Czech Republic are not even over the whole territory. It is manifested markedly in the Czech-Moravian Highland region. In the decades of 1971 through 1992, TBE incidence in the Highland Region did not reach the countrywide average. The rise has(More)
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus was isolated for the first time in Central Europe in 1948 from both a patient and Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in the area where the patient had been tick bitten (the Beroun area - Central Bohemia) and concomitantly from a TBE patient in Moravia (the Vyskov area). Another priority discovery was alimentary transmission(More)
In 2008, 1,616 cases of hepatitis A were reported in the Czech Republic, more than a 10-fold increase compared with the annual number of cases registered in 2003-2007. The infection was initially associated with injecting drug users, most probably by person-to-person contact or parenteral transmission, and in the second half of the year continued to spread(More)
After higher rates of occupational or leisure diseases recorded in the Czech Republic in the second half of the last century it was found that the last climatic changes and catastrophic floods of 1997 and 2002 were followed by outbreaks of leptospirosis as the only re-emerging postflood infection. While in tropics and subtropics the monsoon season is(More)
This article presents major epidemiologic features of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in the Czech Republic, using data of laboratory-confirmed cases since 1970. A total of 17,053 cases of TBE were reported in the Czech Republic (population 10 million) in 1970-2008. The data show several important features. First, the pattern of TBE incidence changed over(More)
The incidence of tick-borne human diseases (TBD) in the Czech Republic (CZ) is on the increase, driven by infections increasingly acquired in residential locations, earlier in spring and later in autumn, and among children and the elderly. To interpret these trends, data on Lyme borreliosis (LB) incidence between 1997 and 2010 were analysed in the context(More)