Česlovas Venclovas

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We present a measure for the evaluation of secondary structure prediction methods that is based on secondary structure segments rather than individual residues. The algorithm is an extension of the segment overlap measure Sov, originally defined by Rost et al. (J Mol Biol 1994;235:13-26). The new definition of Sov corrects the normalization procedure and(More)
Livermore Prediction Center provides basic infrastructure for the CASP (Critical Assessment of Structure Prediction) experiments, including prediction processing and verification servers, a system of prediction evaluation tools, and interactive numerical and graphical displays. Here we outline the essentials of our approach, with discussion of the(More)
Immunity against viruses and plasmids provided by CRISPR-Cas systems relies on a ribonucleoprotein effector complex that triggers the degradation of invasive nucleic acids (NA). Effector complexes of type I (Cascade) and II (Cas9-dual RNA) target foreign DNA. Intriguingly, the genetic evidence suggests that the type III-A Csm complex targets DNA, whereas(More)
The repair of damaged DNA is coupled to the completion of DNA replication by several cell cycle checkpoint proteins, including, for example, in fission yeast Rad1(Sp), Hus1(Sp), Rad9(Sp) and Rad17(Sp). We have found that these four proteins are conserved with protein sequences throughout eukaryotic evolution. Using computational techniques, including fold(More)
In Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), damage-induced mutagenesis is dependent on the C-family DNA polymerase, DnaE2. Included with dnaE2 in the Mtb SOS regulon is a putative operon comprising Rv3395c, which encodes a protein of unknown function restricted primarily to actinomycetes, and Rv3394c, which is predicted to encode a Y-family DNA polymerase. These(More)
We explored the possibility that the Rad1 family memA Sliding Clamp Model bers have more distant homology with other proteins of for the Rad1 Family of Cell known function. To do this, six conserved blocks in the Cycle Checkpoint Proteins Rad1 family were embedded into the Rad1 sequence using BLOCKs, and this cobbled sequence was used as the probe in a(More)
Type II restriction endonucleases (REases) cleave double-stranded DNA at specific sites within or close to their recognition sequences. Shortly after their discovery in 1970, REases have become one of the primary tools in molecular biology. However, the list of available specificities of type II REases is relatively short despite the extensive search for(More)
PD-(D/E)XK nucleases, initially represented by only Type II restriction enzymes, now comprise a large and extremely diverse superfamily of proteins. They participate in many different nucleic acids transactions including DNA degradation, recombination, repair and RNA processing. Different PD-(D/E)XK families, although sharing a structurally conserved core,(More)
The MYH (MutY glycosylase homologue) increases replication fidelity by removing adenines or 2-hydroxyadenine misincorporated opposite GO (7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-guanine). The 9-1-1 complex (Rad9, Rad1 and Hus1 heterotrimer complex) has been suggested as a DNA damage sensor. Here, we report that hMYH (human MYH) interacts with hHus1 (human Hus1) and hRad1 (human(More)
CASP has now completed a decade of monitoring the state of the art in protein structure prediction. The quality of structure models produced in the latest experiment, CASP6, has been compared with that in earlier CASPs. Significant although modest progress has again been made in the fold recognition regime, and cumulatively, progress in this area is(More)