Ülo Maiväli

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The ribosome is a two-subunit enzyme known to exhibit structural dynamism during protein synthesis. The intersubunit bridges have been proposed to play important roles in decoding, translocation, and the peptidyl transferase reaction; yet the physical nature of their contributions is ill understood. An intriguing intersubunit bridge, B2a, which contains 23S(More)
This review takes a comparative look at the various scenarios where ribosomes are degraded in bacteria and eukaryotes with emphasis on studies involving Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. While the molecular mechanisms of degradation in bacteria and yeast appear somewhat different, we argue that the underlying causes of ribosome degradation are(More)
Although ribosomes are very stable under most conditions, ribosomal degradation does occur in diverse groups of organisms in response to specific stresses or environmental conditions. While non-functional ribosome decay (NRD) in yeast is well characterized, very little is known of the mechanisms that initiate ribosomal degradation in bacteria. Here we test(More)
The endoribonuclease toxins of the E. coli toxin-antitoxin systems arrest bacterial growth and protein synthesis by targeting cellular mRNAs. As an exception, E. coli MazF was reported to cleave also 16S rRNA at a single site and separate an anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence-containing RNA fragment from the ribosome. We noticed extensive rRNA fragmentation in(More)
We have studied in vivothe phenotypes of 23S rRNA mutations G2582A, G2582U, G2583C, and U2584C, which are located at the A site of Escherichia coli50S ribosomal subunit. All mutant rRNAs incorporated into 50S ribosomal subunits. Upon sucrose gradient fractionation of cell lysates, 23S rRNAs mutated at G2582 to A and G2583 to C accumulated in the 50S and 70S(More)
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