Øyvind Salvesen

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BACKGROUND Exercise benefits patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain; however, the most effective type of exercise remains unknown. OBJECTIVE This study compared outcomes after motor control exercises, sling exercises, and general exercises for low back pain. DESIGN This was a randomized controlled trial with a 1-year follow-up. SETTING The(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding a country's baseline operative actors and capacity is critical to improving the quality of services and outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe all operative providers and national operative production, to evaluate district and nationwide population rates for operations, and to estimate unmet operative need in Sierra Leone.(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association between pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) and mode of delivery and to calculate the risks of PFD comparing caesarean delivery and operative vaginal delivery to normal vaginal delivery 15-23 years after childbirth. A subgroup analysis comparing forceps and vacuum delivery was planned. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING(More)
In sarcoidosis, increased Th17 cell fractions have been reported in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and elevated numbers of Th17 cells producing IFN- γ have been observed in peripheral blood. The balance between Th1, Th17, and FoxP3(+) CD4(+) T cell subsets in sarcoidosis remains unclear. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cells, from 30 patients with sarcoidosis,(More)
The present study was specifically designed to investigate the prevalence of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in the general population, and sought to compare similarities and differences regarding socio-demographics, mental health and severe life events between individuals who have never experienced AVH with those who had. The study also aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of this study was to explore the associations of common medical complications with functional outcome at 90 days post stroke. METHODS Patients with unselected acute stroke were included and observed for 16 predefined complications during the first week. Fifty percent (244 patients) were allocated to follow-up of 13(More)
BACKGROUND Point-of-care ultrasound performed by clinicians is a useful supplement in the treatment and assessment of patients. We aimed to investigate whether medical students with minimal training were able to successfully acquire and interpret ultrasound images using a pocket-size imaging device (PSID) as a supplement to their clinical practice. (More)
AIM The aim was to assess feasibility of a 3 + 1 week inpatient rehabilitation program for cancer survivors, to explore characteristics of the attending participants and examine changes in work status, symptoms and functioning, level of fatigue, exercise and physical performance following rehabilitation. METHODS This was an open intervention study(More)
AIMS To study the reliability and feasibility of point-of-care pocket-sized echocardiography (POCKET) at the bedside in patients admitted to a medical department at a non-university hospital. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred and eight patients were randomized to bedside POCKET examination shortly after admission and later high-end echocardiography (HIGH)(More)
AIMS We aimed to study the diagnostic influence of adding a routine cardiovascular ultrasound screening of the cardiac anatomy and function, the pericardium, the pleura and the abdominal great vessels by the new pocket-size ultrasound device (pUS) with grey scale and colour Doppler imaging. METHODS AND RESULTS In 119 randomly selected patients admitted to(More)