Øyvind H Lie

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Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) juveniles were fed either 100% fish oil (FO), 75% vegetable oil (VO), or 100% VO throughout their life cycle to harvest weight followed by a finishing diet period when all groups were fed 100% FO. The two experimental VO diets were tested at two different locations (Scotland and Norway) against the same control diet (100%(More)
Triplicate groups of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) were fed four diets containing different oils as the sole lipid source, i.e., capelin oil, oleic acid-enriched sunflower oil, a 1∶1 (w/w) mixture of capelin oil and oleic acid-enriched sunflower oil, and palm oil (PO). The β-oxidation capacity, protein utilization, digestibility of dietary fatty acids(More)
Salmon farmers are currently using high-energy feeds containing up to 35% fat; the fish's capability of fully utilizing these high-energy feeds has received little attention. Carnitine is an essential component in the process of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation and, with the cooperation of two carnitine palmitoyltransferases (CPT-I and CPT-II) and a(More)
Moist diets with increasing amounts of carbohydrate (0.5%, 10% and 21% on a dry weight basis) were each fed to duplicate groups of cod (initial weight 370 g) for 8 weeks, after which all groups were fasted for 4 weeks. Protein energy was high and accounted for more than 70% of the gross energy content in all feeds, and the diets were maintained isocaloric(More)
In order to study whether lipid metabolism may be affected by maximum replacement of dietary fish oil and fish meal with vegetable oils (VO) and plant proteins (PP), Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) smolts were fed a control diet containing fish oil and fish meal or one of three plant-based diets through the seawater production phase for 12 months. Diets(More)
The dietary influence on the fatty acid composition of neutral lipids and phosphatidylcholine of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) was studied, using soybean oil, capelin oil and sardine oil as lipid sources in the diets. The fish had a mean weight of 3 Kg(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was responsible for the triglyceride-lowering effect of fish oil. In rats fed a single dose of EPA as ethyl ester (EPA-EE), the plasma concentration of triglycerides was decreased at 8 h after acute administration. This was accompanied by an(More)
Juvenile Arctic char, Salvelinus alpinus (L.), were fed two levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (5.5 or 2.5% of diet (37 or 16% of lipid respectively)), α-tocopheryl acetate (70 or 300 mg kg−1 diet) and the antioxidant spermine (0 or 250 mg kg−1 diet) in a 3×2 factorial design and analysed for tissue fatty acid composition and indices of oxidative(More)
The mutual influences of wheat selenium (Se) andn-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(n- 3 PUFA) on plasma Se and indicators of increased oxidative stress were investigated in a randomized, doubleblind study with 31 women (23.5 ±3.4 yr). Groups 1 and 2 ingested 5.4 g n-3 PUFA daily (as ethyl esters), whereas groups 3 and 4 received placebo capsules. Groups 2 and(More)
Replacing dietary fishmeal (FM) and fish oil (FO) with plant ingredients in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) diets decreases dietary cholesterol and introduces phytosterols. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of dietary sterol composition on cholesterol metabolism in Atlantic salmon. For this purpose, two dietary trials were performed, in(More)