Øystein Olsen

Learn More
PURPOSE To prospectively assess whether there is a relationship between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and the histopathologic cell count and whether the ADC can enable differentiation of benign and malignant extracranial mass lesions in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional ethics approval and parent or guardian consent were obtained.(More)
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a relatively new entity, first described in 1997. Few cases have been reported, but the disease has high morbidity and mortality. To date it has been seen exclusively in patients with renal dysfunction. There is an emerging link with intravenous injection of gadolinium contrast agents, which has been suggested as a(More)
PURPOSE 1) To evaluate a novel theoretical model for in vivo axonal Mn(2+) transport with MRI data from the rat optic nerve (ON); and 2) to compare predictions from the new model with previously reported experimental data. MATERIALS AND METHODS Time-resolved in vivo T(1)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of adult female Sprague-Dawley rat (n = 9)(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic injury (HI) to the neonatal brain results in delayed neuronal death with accompanying inflammation for days after the initial insult. The aim of this study was to depict delayed neuronal death after HI using Manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) and to evaluate the specificity of MEMRI in detection of cells related to injury by comparison with(More)
BACKGROUND Most Wilms tumours occur in otherwise healthy children, but a small proportion occur in children with genetic syndromes associated with increased risks of Wilms tumour. Surveillance for Wilms tumour has become widespread, despite a lack of clarity about which children are at increased risk of these tumours and limited evidence of the efficacy of(More)
Hepatoblastoma is the most common malignant liver tumour of childhood. Accurate radiological staging is very important, especially in children who are treated according to the protocols of the International Childhood Liver Tumor Strategy Group (SIOPEL). These protocols use risk stratification, based almost entirely on imaging findings, to minimize the(More)
Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) relates to tissue cellularity, and change in ADC during chemotherapy may be a promising tool for assessing oncological response. To investigate the feasibility of measuring changes in ADC distribution in solid abdominal and pelvic paediatric tumours during chemotherapy, and to assess patterns of change. Consecutive(More)
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a multisystem disease seen exclusively in patients with renal impairment. It can be severely debilitating and sometimes fatal. There is a strong association with gadolinium-based contrast agents used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Risk factors include renal impairment and proinflammatory conditions, e.g. major(More)
Over the last 15 years, various oncology groups throughout the world have used the PRETEXT system for staging malignant primary liver tumours of childhood. This paper, written by members of the radiology and surgery committees of the International Childhood Liver Tumor Strategy Group (SIOPEL), presents various clarifications and revisions to the original(More)
Wilms' tumours (WTs) are large heterogeneous tumours, which typically consist of a mixture of histological cell types, together with regions of chemotherapy-induced regressive change and necrosis. The predominant cell type in a WT is assessed histologically following nephrectomy, and used to assess the tumour subtype and potential risk. The purpose of this(More)