Øystein E. Olsen

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Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a relatively new entity, first described in 1997. Few cases have been reported, but the disease has high morbidity and mortality. To date it has been seen exclusively in patients with renal dysfunction. There is an emerging link with intravenous injection of gadolinium contrast agents, which has been suggested as a(More)
Over the last 15 years, various oncology groups throughout the world have used the PRETEXT system for staging malignant primary liver tumours of childhood. This paper, written by members of the radiology and surgery committees of the International Childhood Liver Tumor Strategy Group (SIOPEL), presents various clarifications and revisions to the original(More)
BACKGROUND Most Wilms tumours occur in otherwise healthy children, but a small proportion occur in children with genetic syndromes associated with increased risks of Wilms tumour. Surveillance for Wilms tumour has become widespread, despite a lack of clarity about which children are at increased risk of these tumours and limited evidence of the efficacy of(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), frequently with contrast enhancement, is the preferred imaging modality for many indications in children. Practice varies widely between centers, reflecting the rapid pace of change and the need for further research. Guide-line changes, for example on contrast-medium choice, require continued practice reappraisal. This(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is rich in diagnostic information but requires optimization for use in children. The main problems are motion artifacts and poor signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). SNR is proportional to voxel volume, which must therefore not be too small, however, usually needs to be reduced compared to adult imaging to account for the finer(More)
The evolution of pediatric solid tumors is poorly understood. There is conflicting evidence of intra-tumor genetic homogeneity vs. heterogeneity (ITGH) in a small number of studies in pediatric solid tumors. A number of copy number aberrations (CNA) are proposed as prognostic biomarkers to stratify patients, for example 1q+ in Wilms tumor (WT); current(More)
BACKGROUND The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) is potentially useful for assessing treatment response in nephroblastoma (Wilms tumour). However the precision of ADC measurements in these heterogeneous lesions is unknown. OBJECTIVE To assess intra- and interobserver variability of whole-tumour ADC measurements in viable parts of nephroblastomas at(More)
Interpreting complex paediatric body MRI studies requires the integration of information from multiple sequences. Image processing software, some freely available, allows the radiologist to use simple and rapid post-processing techniques that may aid diagnosis. We demonstrate the use of fusion and subtraction post-processing techniques with examples from(More)
This article questions the scientific justification of ingrained radiologic practices exemplified by size measurements of childhood solid tumours. This is approached by a critical review of staging systems from a selection of paediatric oncological treatment protocols. Local staging remains size-dependent for some tumour types. The consequent stage(More)