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MOTIVATION Survival prediction from gene expression data and other high-dimensional genomic data has been subject to much research during the last years. These kinds of data are associated with the methodological problem of having many more gene expression values than individuals. In addition, the responses are censored survival times. Most of the proposed(More)
BACKGROUND Survival prediction from high-dimensional genomic data is an active field in today's medical research. Most of the proposed prediction methods make use of genomic data alone without considering established clinical covariates that often are available and known to have predictive value. Recent studies suggest that combining clinical and genomic(More)
The paper traces the development of the use of martingale methods in survival analysis from the mid 1970's to the early 1990's. This development was initiated by Aalen's Berkeley PhD-thesis in 1975, progressed through the work on estimation of Markov transition probabilities, non-parametric tests and Cox's regression model in the late 1970's and early(More)
INTRODUCTION Gene expression profiling of breast carcinomas has increased our understanding of the heterogeneous biology of this disease and promises to impact clinical care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of gene expression-based classification along with established prognostic markers and mutation status of the TP53 gene(More)
The study of chromatin 3D structure has recently gained much focus owing to novel techniques for detecting genome-wide chromatin contacts using next-generation sequencing. A deeper understanding of the architecture of the DNA inside the nucleus is crucial for gaining insight into fundamental processes such as transcriptional regulation, genome dynamics and(More)
Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is an important infectious disease in Atlantic salmon farming causing recurrent epidemic outbreaks worldwide. The focus of this paper is on tracing the spread of ISA among Norwegian salmon farms. To trace transmission pathways for the ISA virus (ISAV), we use phylogenetic relationships between virus isolates in combination(More)
Standard use of Cox's regression model and other relative risk regression models for censored survival data requires collection of covariate information on all individuals under study even when only a small fraction of them die or get diseased. For such situations risk set sampling designs offer useful alternatives. For cohort data, methods based on(More)
BACKGROUND Multi-state models, as an extension of traditional models in survival analysis, have proved to be a flexible framework for analysing the transitions between various states of sickness absence and work over time. In this paper we study a cohort of work rehabilitation participants and analyse their subsequent sickness absence using Norwegian(More)
An S based software package for estimating event histories of Markov chains using covariate information and Aalen's addtive hazard regression model. See: In clinical trials, epidemiology (see: figure 1 and figure 2) and many other fields, one often observes a number of individuals passing through several states. Each individual may have a set of covariates(More)
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