Ø Wendelbo

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Cytokines are released during T cell activation, including the potentially anti-leukemic interferon-gamma (IFNgamma), but also the hematopoietic growth factor granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) that enhance proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells. In the present study we investigated the release(More)
T lymphocyte defects may contribute to the immune insufficiency seen in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). We therefore characterized the T cell system for untreated AML patients. T lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry for 45 AML patients. The in vitro interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) release in response to stimulation with anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28(More)
Proliferative T cell responses were compared for two patient groups with severe treatment-induced leukopenia (white blood cell counts < 0.5 x 10(9)/l): (i). multiple myeloma patients receiving high-dose melphalan and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation; (ii). patients receiving conventional intensive chemotherapy for acute leukemia or(More)
BACKGROUND We examined the usefulness and image quality of a mobile miniaturised ultrasound scanner in a medical ward. MATERIAL AND METHODS The instrument (SonoSite 180), weighing 2.4 kg, is a hand-carried system powered by batteries. In 25 days we recruited consecutively 36 patients aged 23-92. Four different operators evaluated the use of the scanner.(More)
T-cell-targeting immunotherapy is now considered in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Immunotherapy seems most effective for patients with a low AML cell burden, and a possible strategy is therefore to administer immunotherapy early after intensive chemotherapy when patients have a low leukemia cell burden and severe treatment-induced cytopenia. To further(More)
INTRODUCTION The cytogenetic abnormalities and the response to induction therapy have been regarded as the most important prognostic parameters in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients. Recent studies have demonstrated that internal tandem duplications and specific D-835 point mutations of the Flt3 gene, as well as the angioregulatory phenotype(More)
In this methodological study, we describe an assay for analysis of proliferative T cell responses in patients with severe leukopenia. Severe treatment-induced cytopenia is observed in patients with malignant disorders who receive conventional intensive chemotherapy or autologous stem cell transplantation. The quantitative T cell defect can then be(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine and characterize a suspected outbreak of high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus (HLGRE) infection. METHODS Eighty-nine patients with clinical infection diagnosed during hospital stay or within 30 days after discharge in the period from June 1995 to 31 December 1999 were included in the study. One control patient was assigned(More)
OBJECTIVES Several case reports have described complete hematological remissions for patients with otherwise untreated acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) who receive hematopoietic growth factor therapy during complicating bacterial infections. This may be caused by indirect cytokine effects, but direct effects of infecting agents on the malignant cells are(More)
Early immune reconstitution after intensive chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) occurs after 2-4 weeks of cytopenia, but T cell reconstitute is usually completed after several months. Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a T cell growth factor involved in the late immune reconstitution, but its function during the early period of cytopenia has not been(More)