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CONTEXT Natriuretic peptides (NP) regulate cardiovascular homeostasis and have multiple metabolic properties. Decreased levels of NP or "natriuretic handicap" are signs of insulin resistance such as central obesity. Increased expression of NP clearance receptor (NPRC) in sc adipose tissue (SAT) was observed in insulin-resistant subjects. OBJECTIVE We(More)
PURPOSE Mesenteric panniculitis (MP) is an underdiagnosed inflammatory condition of mesenteric adipose tissue. Prior studies suggested an association of MP with malignancy. To reassess this hypothesis, we performed the first matched case-control study comparing prevalence of malignancy and other disease in patients with and without MP. MATERIAL AND(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Obesity is associated with elevated monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a proinflammatory chemokine related to diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Since obesity is triggered by energy dense diets, we hypothesised that nutrient induced intestinal hormones such as glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) may directly stimulate(More)
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) has been suggested to have direct effects on nonislet tissues. GIP also reportedly increased glucose uptake and inhibition of lipolysis in adipocytes after inhibition of the intracellular cortisone-cortisol shuttle 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1). We here analyzed whether GIP modifies(More)
WISP1 (Wnt1-inducible signaling pathway protein-1, also known as CCN4) is a member of the secreted extracellular matrix-associated proteins of the CCN family and a target gene of the Wingless-type (WNT) signaling pathway. Growing evidence links the WNT signaling pathway to the regulation of adipogenesis and low-grade inflammation in obesity. We aimed to(More)
CONTEXT Amino-acid (AA) metabolic signatures differ in insulin-resistant (IR) obese vs normal-weight subjects, improve after weight loss, and seem to predict the risk of type 2 diabetes. It is unknown whether weight-maintaining dietary measures aimed at influencing IR alter AA signatures of high-risk subjects. SETTING AND DESIGN In the randomized(More)
GLP-1 receptor agonists have antihyper-tensive properties, explained via release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) as shown in mice (1). Whether GLP-1 directly interacts with the natriuretic peptide system in humans was studied in a single report (2). Here, we studied interaction of two major incretins, glucose-dependent in-sulinotropic peptide (GIP) and(More)
Background—We sought to separately examine the effects of either weight loss or diets varying in protein content and glycemic index without further changes in body weight on cardiovascular risk factors within the Diet, Obesity, and Genes study (DiOGenes). Methods and Results—DiOGenes is a pan-European controlled dietary intervention study in 932 overweight(More)
BACKGROUND The circadian clock coordinates numerous metabolic processes to adapt physiological responses to light-dark and feeding regimens and is itself regulated by metabolic cues. The implication of the circadian clock in the regulation of energy balance and body weight is widely studied in rodents but not in humans. Here we investigated (1) whether the(More)
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