Óscar Pérez-Méndez

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One of the proposed causes of obesity and metabolic syndrome is the excessive intake of products containing added sugars, in particular, fructose. Although the ability of excessive intake of fructose to induce metabolic syndrome is mounting, to date, no study has addressed whether a diet specifically lowering fructose but not total carbohydrates can reduce(More)
The ability of organophosphate pesticides to disturb thyroid gland function has been demonstrated by experimental studies on animal, but evidence of such effects on human remains scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the association between exposure to organophosphate compounds and serum levels of thyroid hormones in floriculture workers. A(More)
ApoAI Milano (AI(M)) and apoAI Paris (AI(P)) are mutant forms of apoAI in which cysteine is substituted for arginine at residues 173 and 151 respectively leading to the formation of homodimers and heterodimers with apoAII. Heterozygous subjects with these mutants are characterized by low levels of plasma HDL cholesterol and apoAI. The present study analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence from animal studies of impaired reproductive function by exposure to organophosphates (OP), the effects on birth weight have not been sufficiently evaluated in epidemiological studies. Paraoxonase (PON1) detoxifies organophosphates by cleavage of active oxons. Some PON1 gene polymorphisms could reduce the enzyme(More)
Oxidative damage has been proposed as a possible mechanism involved in lead toxicity, specially affecting the liver and kidney. Previous studies have shown the antioxidant effect of Spirulina maxima in several experimental models of oxidative stress. The current study was carried out to evaluate the antioxidant activity of Spirulina maxima against lead(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperuricemia has been associated with an increased risk of endothelial dysfunction (ED), cardiovascular and renal disease. The role of uric acid (UA) on vascular damage is still controversial because previous studies have included patients with other risk factor for ED. OBJECTIVE To determine if the treatment with allopurinol improved(More)
BACKGROUND Small HDL particles have emerged as significant predictors of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in adults with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). However, no previous study has investigated HDL size in pediatric subjects with these clinical conditions. METHODS We studied the HDL size distribution by native polyacrilamide gradient gel(More)
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a serum enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of organophosphate pesticides. In this study we conducted a cross-sectional study and reported on the distribution of three common genetic polymorphisms of the PON1 gene in a population of floriculture workers from Mexico as well as the association between those polymorphisms and other(More)
Recent studies provide evidence on the emerging role of the SOCS1 gene in the development and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. This gene encodes for the suppressor of the cytokine signaling-1 protein that interacts directly with the Janus kinases that are essential intracellular mediators of the immune cytokine action. The aim of this study was to(More)
Organophosphate pesticides are widely used in agricultural purposes. Recently, a few studies have demonstrated the ability of these chemicals to alter the function of the thyroid gland in human. Moreover, the paraoxonase-1 enzyme (PON1) plays an important role in the toxicity of some organophosphate pesticides, with low PON1 activity being associated with(More)