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Recent functional studies have suggested that, in addition to simple diffusion, carrier-mediated transport may play an important role in foetal unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) uptake by the placenta. We have investigated the role of organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) in UCB transport by the placenta-maternal liver tandem. RNA was obtained from(More)
Molecular bases for targeting bile acid-cisplatin derivatives Bamet-R2 [cis-diammine-chloro-cholylglycinate-platinum(II)] and Bamet-UD2 [cis-diammine-bisursodeoxycholate-platinum(II)] toward liver cells were investigated. Carriers for bile acids [human Na(+)-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP)], organic anions [organic anion transporting(More)
Using cytokeratin-7-positive trophoblast cells (hTr) isolated from human term placentas and the choriocarcinoma cell lines (hCC) BeWo, Jeg-3 and JAr, the expression of genes involved in the hepatobiliary excretion of cholephilic compounds was investigated by RT-PCR/sequencing followed by measurement of the absolute abundance of mRNA by real-time RT-PCR.(More)
The antiviral effect against hepatitis B virus (HBV) of artemisinin, its derivative artesunate and other compounds highly purified from traditional Chinese medicine remedies, were investigated. HBV production by permanently transfected HepG2 2.2.15 cells was determined by measuring the release of surface protein (HBsAg) and HBV-DNA after drug exposure(More)
In cholestasis, the accumulation of organic anions in hepatocytes is reduced by transporters (multidrug resistance-associated proteins and OSTalpha-OSTbeta) able to extrude them across the basolateral membrane. Here we investigated whether organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) may contribute to this function. Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing(More)
ABCG2 is involved in epithelial transport/barrier functions. Here, we have investigated its ability to transport bile acids in liver and placenta. Cholylglycylamido fluorescein (CGamF) was exported by WIF-B9/R cells, which do not express the bile salt export pump (BSEP). Sensitivity to typical inhibitors suggested that CGamF export was mainly mediated by(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Progesterone metabolites such as 5alpha-pregnan-3alpha-ol-20-one (PM4) are elevated in serum of women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS/RESULTS When assayed in isolated perfused rat liver, PM4 did not induce cholestasis, whereas sulfated PM4 (PM4-S), which unlike PM4 is secreted into bile, reduced bile flow and bile(More)
We investigated the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA; 60 microg/day/100 g b.wt.) on the impairment induced by maternal obstructive cholestasis during pregnancy (OCP) in the rat placenta-maternal liver tandem excretory pathway. A blunted catheter was implanted in the common bile duct on day 14 of pregnancy, and the tip was cut on day 21.(More)
The intrauterine environment is a major contributor to increased rates of metabolic disease in adults. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a liver disease of pregnancy that affects 0.5%-2% of pregnant women and is characterized by increased bile acid levels in the maternal serum. The influence of ICP on the metabolic health of offspring is(More)
Changes in the uptake of many drugs by the target cells may dramatically affect the pharmacological response. Thus, downregulation of SLC22A1, which encodes the organic cation transporter type 1 (OCT1), may affect the response of healthy hepatocytes and liver cancer cells to cationic drugs, such as metformin and sorafenib, respectively. Moreover, the(More)