Òscar Palacios

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BACKGROUND The degree of metal binding specificity in metalloproteins such as metallothioneins (MTs) can be crucial for their functional accuracy. Unlike most other animal species, pulmonate molluscs possess homometallic MT isoforms loaded with Cu(+) or Cd(2+). They have, so far, been obtained as native metal-MT complexes from snail tissues, where they are(More)
Non-vertebrate chordates, specifically amphioxus, are considered of the utmost interest for gaining insight into the evolutionary trends, i.e. differentiation and specialization, of gene/protein systems. In this work, MTs (metallothioneins), the most important metal binding proteins, are characterized for the first time in the cephalochordate subphylum at(More)
The Helix pomatia metallothionein (MT) system, namely, its two highly specific forms, HpCdMT and HpCuMT, has offered once again an optimum model to study metal–protein specificity. The present work investigates the most unexplored aspect of the coordination behavior of MT polypeptides with respect to either cognate or noncognate metal ions, as opposed to(More)
We report here the full characterization of the metal binding abilities of CnMT1 and CnMT2, two Cryptococcus neoformans proteins recently identified as metallothioneins (MTs), which have been shown to play a crucial role in the virulence and pathogenicity of this human-infecting fungus. In this work, we first performed a thorough in silico study of the(More)
The metal binding preference of metallothioneins (MTs) groups them in two extreme subsets, the Zn/Cd- and the Cu-thioneins. Ciliates harbor the largest MT gene/protein family reported so far, including 5 paralogs that exhibit relatively low sequence similarity, excepting MTT2 and MTT4. In Tetrahymena thermophila, three MTs (MTT1, MTT3 and MTT5) were(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) constitute a universal family of polymorphic, ubiquitous small Cys-rich metal-binding polypeptides that in mammals are represented by four highly similar isoforms (MT1 to MT4). MT1 and MT2 have generally been considered as equivalent proteins, so that they are commonly referred to as MT1/MT2. However, transcription data have suggested(More)
The novel steroidal conjugates [M(η(5)-C(5)Me(5))Cl(LEV-ppy)] (M = Rh (1) and Ir (2)) bearing the lipophilic levonorgestrel group 17-α-[2-phenylpyridyl-4-ethynyl]-19-nortestosterone (LEV-ppy), where the chelating ligand is N and C-bound, have been prepared and characterized. Both compounds are more active than cisplatin (about 6-fold) in T47D (breast(More)
Snail metallothioneins (MTs) constitute an ideal model to study structure/function relationships in these metal-binding polypeptides. Helix pomatia harbours three MT isoforms: the highly specific CdMT and CuMT, and an unspecific Cd/CuMT, which represent paralogous proteins with extremely different metal binding preferences while sharing high sequence(More)
The reactivity of the [Pt(dmba)(aza-N1)(dmso)] complex 1, (a potential antitumoral drug with lower IC50 than cisplatin in several tumoral cell lines) with different proteins and oligonucleotides is investigated by means of mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF MS). The results obtained show a particular binding behaviour of this platinum(II) complex. The interaction(More)
The present work comprises the recombinant synthesis of four metallothioneins (MTs) in metal-unsupplemented cultures and the characterization of the recovered metal complexes by means of analytical and spectrometric techniques. The four MTs are two Drosophila (MtnA and MtnB), one yeast (Crs5), and one mouse (mMT1) metallothionein isoforms. These four MTs(More)