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The ATPase assay using membrane preparations from recombinant baculovirus-infected Spodoptera frugiperda ovarian (Sf9) cells is widely used to detect the interaction of compounds with different ATP-binding cassette transporters. However, Sf9 membrane preparations containing the wild-type ABCG2 transporter show an elevated baseline vanadate-sensitive ATPase(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the uptake of carnitine, the physiological substrate, and the uptake of 3-(2,2,2-trimethylhydrazinium)propionate, a consensus substrate by rat Octn2 and human OCTN2 transporters as well as to characterize drug-mediated inhibition of l-carnitine uptake by the rat and human orthologs overexpressed in CHO-K1 cells.(More)
Statins have been shown to be cardioprotective; however, their interaction with endogenous cardioprotection by ischemic preconditioning and postconditioning is not known. In the present study, we examined if acute and chronic administration of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitor lovastatin affected the infarct size-limiting effect of(More)
The pharmacokinetics of sulfasalazine, an anti-inflammatory drug is influenced by ATP-binding cassette G2 (ABCG2) (breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), mitoxantrone resistance protein (MXR)) both in vitro and clinically. Due to its low passive permeability, the intracellular concentration of sulfasalazine is dependent on uptake transporters, rendering(More)
MRP2 (ABCC2) is an efflux transporter expressed on the apical membrane of polarized cells. This protein has a major role in the biliary elimination of toxic compounds from the liver. As MRP2 transports many endogenous compounds, including LTC4 as well as xenobiotics and toxic phase II metabolites, blockade of this transporter may cause the accumulation of(More)
P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is a transmembrane protein that actively exports lipophilic chemotherapeutics from the cells causing multidrug resistance. Pgp molecules are partially localized in TX-100-resistant rafts, and the activity of the transporter is highly sensitive to the presence of cholesterol. To better understand these relationships, the influence of(More)
The thiazide diuretic chlorothiazide is poorly metabolized, and is predominantly excreted via the kidneys. We have previously shown that chlorothiazide is transported by ATP-binding cassette transporter G2, suggesting a potential role for this transporter in apical efflux of chlorothiazide in the kidney. However, because of the poor passive permeability of(More)
Seliciclib displayed limited brain exposure in vivo in adult rats with mature blood-brain barrier (BBB). Selicilib was shown to be a specific substrate of human ABCB1 in vitro. To demonstrate that ABCB1/Abcb1 can limit brain exposure in vivo in mice we are showing that seliciclib is a substrate of mouse Abcb1a, the murine ABCB1 ortholog expressed in the BBB(More)
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