Learn More
The 21-nucleotide small temporal RNA (stRNA) let-7 regulates developmental timing in Caenorhabditis elegans and probably in other bilateral animals. We present in vivo and in vitro evidence that in Drosophila melanogaster a developmentally regulated precursor RNA is cleaved by an RNA interference-like mechanism to produce mature let-7 stRNA. Targeted(More)
Runx (Cbfa/AML) transcription factors are critical for tissue-specific gene expression. A unique targeting signal in the C terminus directs Runx factors to discrete foci within the nucleus. Using Runx2/CBFA1/AML3 and its essential role in osteogenesis as a model, we investigated the fundamental importance of fidelity of subnuclear localization for tissue(More)
Many p53-inducible genes have been identified that might play a role in mediating the various downstream activities of p53. We have identified a close relative of ribonucleotide reductase, recently named p53R2, as a p53-inducible gene, and show that this gene is activated by several stress signals that activate a p53 response, including DNA damaging agents(More)
The growth inhibitory functions of p53 are controlled in unstressed cells by rapid degradation of the p53 protein. One of the principal regulators of p53 stability is MDM2, a RING finger protein that functions as an E3 ligase to ubiquitinate p53. MDM2 promotes p53 nuclear export, and in this study, we show that ubiquitination of the C terminus of p53 by(More)
The p53 tumour suppressor protein inhibits malignant progression by mediating cell cycle arrest, apoptosis or repair following cellular stress. One of the major regulators of p53 function is the MDM2 protein, and multiple forms of cellular stress activate p53 by inhibiting the MDM2-mediated degradation of p53. Mutations in p53, or disruption of the pathways(More)
The function of the p53 tumor suppressor protein is regulated by interaction with Mdm2, which targets p53 for ubiquitin dependent degradation. We show here that like p53, p73 alpha forms an interaction with Mdm2, both in vitro and in cells, but this does not result in the degradation of the p73 alpha protein. The human papillomavirus E6 protein also fails(More)
The p53-related protein p73 has many functions similar to that of p53 including the ability to induce cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Both p53 and p73 function as transcription factors, and p73 activates expression of many genes that also are regulated by p53. Despite their similarities, it is evident that p53 and p73 are not interchangeable functionally,(More)