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Introduction The aim of this set of lectures is to present the theory of backward stochastic differential equations, in short BSDEs, and its connections with viscosity solutions of systems of semi– linear second order partial differential equations of parabolic and elliptic type, in short PDEs. Linear BSDEs have appeared long time ago, both as the equations(More)
This paper studies, under some natural monotonicity conditions, the theory (existence and uniqueness, a priori estimate, continuous dependence on a parameter) of forward–backward stochastic differential equations and their connection with quasilinear parabolic partial differential equations. We use a purely probabilistic approach, and allow the forward(More)
We study the Poisson equation Lu + f = 0 in R d , where L is the infinitesimal generator of a diffusion process. In this paper, we allow the second-order part of the generator L to be degenerate, provided a local condition of Doeblin type is satisfied, so that, if we also assume a condition on the drift which implies recurrence, the diffusion process is(More)
We study a new class of backward stochastic di€erential equations, which involves the integral with respect to a continuous increasing process. This allows us to give a probabilistic formula for solutions of semilinear partial di€erential equations with Neumann boundary condition, where the boundary condition itself is nonlinear. We consider both parabolic(More)
We study reflected solutions of a nonlinear heat equation on the spatial interval [0, 1] with Dirichlet boundary conditions, driven by space-time white noise. The nonlinearity appears both in the drift and in the diffusion coefficient. Roughly speaking, at any point (t, x) where the solution u(t, x) is strictly positive it obeys the equation, and at a point(More)
It is shown that if a diffusion process, {Xt: 0 < t < 1}, on Rd satisfies dXt = b(t, Xt) dt + a(t, Xt) dwt then the reversed process, {Xt: 0 < t < 1} where Xt = Xl t , is again a diffusion with drift b and diffusion coefficient a, provided some mild conditions on b, a, and p(, the density of the law of X(, hold. Moreover b and a are identified. 1.(More)