Étienne Larger

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BACKGROUND Gastric bypass (GBP) is more efficient than adjustable gastric banding (AGB) on weight loss and comorbidities, but potentially induces more nutritional deficits. However, no study has compared the prevalence of nutritional deficiencies after these two bariatric procedures. WE PROSPECTIVELY COMPARED: To prospectively compare the prevalence of(More)
Diabetes is associated with abnormal angiogenesis. Increased angiogenesis contributes to severe forms of diabetic retinopathy, but angiogenesis is decreased in response to myocardial ischemia in diabetic patients. We evaluated the direct effect of hyperglycemia on angiogenesis in the chicken chorioallantoic membrane assay, a model of active neoangiogenesis.(More)
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) 5 is caused by mutations in the TCF2 gene encoding the transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor-1beta. However, in 60% of the patients with a phenotype suggesting MODY5, no point mutation is detected in TCF2. We have hypothesized that large genomic rearrangements of TCF2 that are missed by conventional(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are associated with low-grade inflammation, activation of immune cells, and alterations of the gut microbiota. Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, which are innate-like T cells that recognize bacterial ligands, are present in blood and enriched in mucosal and inflamed tissues. Here, we analyzed MAIT cells in the(More)
Endothelial dysfunction contributes to the increased cardiovascular risk that accompanies CKD. We hypothesized that the soluble VEGF receptor 1 (sFlt-1), a VEGF antagonist, plays a role in endothelial dysfunction and decreased angiogenesis in CKD. We enrolled 130 patients with CKD stages 3 to 5 and 56 age- and gender-matched control patients. Plasma sFlt-1(More)
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a heterogeneous subtype of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus characterised by early onset, autosomal dominant inheritance and a primary defect in insulin secretion. To date five MODY genes have been identified: hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 alpha (HNF-4 α/MODY1/TCF14) on chromosome 20 q, glucokinase(More)
OBJECTIVE The clinical expression of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY)-3 is highly variable. This may be due to environmental and/or genetic factors, including molecular characteristics of the hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-alpha (HNF1A) gene mutation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed the mutations identified in 356 unrelated MODY3 patients,(More)
CONTEXT Maternally inherited diabetes and deafness (MIDD) is a rare form of diabetes with a matrilineal transmission, sensorineural hearing loss, and macular pattern dystrophy due to an A to G transition at position 3243 of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) (m.3243A>G). The phenotypic heterogeneity of MIDD may be the consequence of different levels of mutated mtDNA(More)
IDDM is a T-cell-mediated autoimmune disease depending on both genetic and environmental susceptibility factors. The HLA class II region (IDDM1) and the insulin promoter region (IDDM2) account for -50 and 10%, respectively, of IDDM genetic risk. At least 15 other IDDM susceptibility markers have been identified by genomewide scanning studies (1). One must(More)
OBJECTIVE Successful treatment of osteomyelitis is more likely with accurate diagnosis and identification of the causative pathogens. This typically requires obtaining a specimen of bone, usually by image-guided biopsy. We sought to develop a simpler bedside method for definitively diagnosing osteomyelitis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Over 2 years, we(More)