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BACKGROUND Extrapyramidal motor symptoms precede dementia in Parkinson disease (PDD) by many years, whereas dementia occurs early in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Despite this clinical distinction, the neuropsychological and neuropathologic features of these conditions overlap. In addition to widespread distribution of Lewy bodies, both diseases have(More)
TGF-beta 1 is demonstrated to inhibit skin keratinocyte proliferation when added during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Human foreskin keratinocytes transformed with either HPV-16 or -18 or SV40, however, were resistant to the growth inhibitory effects of TGF-beta 1. Since TGF-beta 1 appears to inhibit keratinocyte growth through down-regulation of c-myc,(More)
Adenovirus early region 1A (E1A) oncogene-encoded sequences essential for transformation- and cell growth-regulating activities are localized at the N terminus and in regions of highly conserved amino acid sequence designated conserved regions 1 and 2. These regions interact to form the binding sites for two classes of cellular proteins: those, such as the(More)
Osteopontin is a phosphorylated glycoprotein secreted to the mineralizing extracellular matrix by osteoblasts during bone development. It is believed to facilitate the attachment of osteoblasts and osteoclasts to the extracellular matrix, allowing them to perform their respective functions during osteogenesis. Several other functions have been suggested for(More)
OBJECTIVE To relate cerebral perfusion abnormalities to subsequent changes in clinical status among patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS Perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images were acquired in 105 elderly patients without dementia with MCI, using 99mTc-HMPAO. Clinical outcome after a 5-year follow-up period(More)
Adenovirus E1A transforming function requires two distinct regions of the protein. Transforming activity is closely linked with the presence of a region designated conserved domain 2 and the ability of this region to bind the product of the cellular retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene. We have investigated the biological properties of the second(More)
We have used gene array technology to chart changes in gene expression during differentiation of the mouse calvarial-derived MC3T3-E1 cell line to an osteoblast-like phenotype. Expression was analyzed on a mouse gene array panel of 588 cDNAs representing tightly regulated genes with key roles in various biological processes. When compared with NIH3T3(More)
We sought to determine whether the presence of psychotic symptoms in patients with Alzheimer's disease is associated with abnormal regional cerebral function. Perfusion single photon emission computed tomography images from 51 AD patients with psychotic symptoms were compared to images of 52 AD patients without such symptoms. Group comparisons were made(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital sideroblastic anemias are rare disorders with several genetic causes; they are characterized by erythroblast mitochondrial iron overload, differ greatly in severity and some occur within a syndrome. The most common cause of non-syndromic, microcytic sideroblastic anemia is a defect in the X-linked 5-aminolevulinate synthase 2 gene but(More)
The cell growth-regulating properties of the adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) E1A oncogene correlate closely with the binding of the E1A products to specific cellular proteins. These proteins include the products of the retinoblastoma tumor susceptibility gene and a 300-kDa product, p300. pRB binds to E1A sequences that are highly conserved among the E1A products of(More)