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OBJECTIVE To compare clinical features of CCM1, CCM2, and CCM3 mutation carriers. METHODS A detailed clinical and molecular analysis of 163 consecutive cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) families was performed. RESULTS A deleterious mutation was detected in 128 probands. Three hundred thirty-three mutation carriers were identified (238 CCM1, 67 CCM2,(More)
Few studies have directly compared the clinical features of neuropathic and non-neuropathic pains. For this purpose, the French Neuropathic Pain Group developed a clinician-administered questionnaire named DN4 consisting of both sensory descriptors and signs related to bedside sensory examination. This questionnaire was used in a prospective study of 160(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical benefit of preventive eradication of unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations remains uncertain. A Randomised trial of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous malformations (ARUBA) aims to compare the risk of death and symptomatic stroke in patients with an unruptured brain arteriovenous malformation who are allocated to either medical(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is a disabling disease with a significant proportion of patients experiencing persistent symptoms. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a promising new therapeutic tool that could benefit to schizophrenic patients. In this study we sought to assess the efficacy of active rTMS compared to sham stimulation in the(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe the age-specific distribution of midfemoral intracortical porosity throughout the cortical width in males and females. Microradiography and an automated image analysis system were used to study midfemoral cortical bone specimens from 163 white people, including 77 males and 86 females, in a recent anthropological(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The French Pain Society published guidelines for neuropathic pain management in 2010. Our aim was to evaluate the compliance of GPs with these guidelines three years later. METHODS We used "e" case vignette methodology for this non interventional study. A national panel of randomly selected GPs was included. We used eight "e"(More)
The aim of this study was to compare a contralateral routing of signal (CROS) hearing aid to a transcutaneous bone-anchored device in the same conditions. This prospective crossover study included 18 adult patients with a single-sided deafness (SSD). After a trial period of 60 days with CROS and 7 days with a transcutaneous bone-anchored device (Alpha 1®,(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) is associated with an 80% mortality rate. Non-randomised studies have suggested that decompressive surgery reduces this mortality without increasing the number of severely disabled survivors. To obtain sufficient data as soon as possible to reliably estimate the effects of decompressive(More)
The effect of sympathectomy and sensory denervation on vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation was investigated in hypercholesterolemic rats. Newborn rats received injections of guanethidine, capsaicin or both for denervations. Shams received injections of vehicles. The four groups were fed 1% cholesterol diet for 3 months. Intact(More)
BACKGROUND A major endogenous protective mechanism in many organs against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is ischemic preconditioning (IPC). By moderately uncoupling the mitochondrial respiratory chain and decreasing production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), IPC reduces apoptosis induced by I/R by reducing cytochrome c release from the mitochondria.(More)