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Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) resonators can detect mass with exceptional sensitivity. Previously, mass spectra from several hundred adsorption events were assembled in NEMS-based mass spectrometry using statistical analysis. Here, we report the first realization of single-molecule NEMS-based mass spectrometry in real time. As each molecule in the(More)
—We present a new approach to parameter estimation problems based on binary measurements, motivated by the need to add integrated low-cost self-test features to microfabricated devices. This approach is based on the use of original weighted least-squares criteria: as opposed to other existing methods, it requires no dithering signal and it does not rely on(More)
We report an actuation/detection scheme with a top-down nanoelectromechanical system (NEMS) for frequency shift based sensing applications with outstanding performance. It relies on electrostatic actuation and piezoresistive nanowire gauges for in-plane motion transduction. The process fabrication is fully CMOS (complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor)(More)
— This paper deals with the initialization of the BIMBO method, a deterministic identification method based on binary observation, for the (self-) test of integrated electronic and electromechanical systems, such as MEMS. Finding an adequate starting point for the parameter estimation algorithm may be crucial, depending on the chosen model parameterization.(More)
— This brief addresses the problem of clock generation and distribution in globally synchronous locally synchronous chips. A novel architecture of clock generation based on network of coupled all-digital PLLs is proposed. Solutions are proposed to overcome the issues of stability and undesirable synchronized modes (modelocks) of high-order bidirectional PLL(More)
— in this paper, we describe an architecture of a distributed ADPLL (All Digitall Phase Lock Loop) network based on bang-bang phase detectors that are interconnected asymmetrically. It allows an automatic selection between two operating modes (uni-and bidirectional) to avoid mode-locking phenomenon, to accelerate the network convergence and to improve the(More)
— This paper analyses the stability of the synchronized state in Cartesian networks of identical all-digital phase-locked loops (ADPLLs) for clock distribution applications. Such networks consist in Cartesian grids of digitally-controlled oscillator nodes, where each node communicates only with its nearest neighbors. Under certain conditions, we show that(More)