Éric Brouillette

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The intramammary colonisation by Staphylococcus aureus provokes mastitis in the cow. Once established, the infection is difficult to eradicate with available therapies and may become chronic. The present article focuses on the use of the experimental mouse model of S. aureus-induced mastitis as a practical approach for the study of bovine mastitis. Results(More)
Staphylococcus aureus small-colony variants (SCVs) are believed to account in part for the persistence of S. aureus during chronic infections. Little is understood about the gene expression profile that may explain the phenotype and distinguish SCVs from prototype S. aureus strains. In this study, DNA array transcriptional profiles of clinical SCVs isolated(More)
Genes encoding cell-surface proteins regulated by SigB are stably expressed in Staphylococcus aureus small-colony variants (SCVs) isolated from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Our hypothesis is that CF-isolated SCVs are locked into a colonization state by sustaining the expression of adhesins such as fibronectin-binding proteins (FnBPs) throughout growth.(More)
Staphylococcus aureus small-colony variants (SCVs) and biofilms are linked to chronic infections. It is known that the presence of aminoglycoside antibiotics may contribute to the emergence of SCVs and it is thought that molecular mechanisms are involved in the ability of S. aureus to adopt this phenotype. No study has addressed the possible role of the(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is the most significant bacterial pathogen associated with bovine mastitis. However, the relevance of intracellular infection to mastitis pathogenesis is poorly understood. We used in vitro assays and a mouse model of mastitis to demonstrate the intracellular component of the infection and to identify the importance of(More)
Cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) is a bacterial intracellular signaling molecule. We have shown that treatment with exogenous c-di-GMP inhibits Staphylococcus aureus infection in a mouse model. We now report that c-di-GMP is an immodulator and immunostimulatory molecule. Intramammary treatment of mice with c-di-GMP 12 and 6 h before S. aureus challenge gave a(More)
Despite the general in vitro susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolates that cause infectious bovine mastitis, the pathogen remains difficult to eradicate with the available antibiotics. The capacity to survive intracellularly has been proposed as a factor contributing to the persistence of S. aureus in the bovine mammary gland. The costs associated(More)
The fibronectin-binding proteins (FnBPs) of Staphylococcus aureus are believed to be implicated in the pathogen's adherence to and colonization of bovine mammary glands, thus leading to infectious mastitis. In vitro studies have shown that FnBPs help the adhesion of the pathogen to bovine mammary epithelial cells. However, the importance of FnBPs for the(More)
Staphylococcus aureus small-colony variants (SCVs) have been implicated in chronic and persistent infections. Bovine mastitis induced by S. aureus is an example of an infection difficult to eradicate by conventional antimicrobial therapies. In this study, the ability to colonize mouse mammary glands and persist under antibiotic treatment was assessed for S.(More)
Staphylococcus aureus can proliferate in iron-limited environments such as the mammalian host. The transcriptional profiles of 460 genes (iron-regulated, putative Fur-regulated, membrane transport, pathogenesis) obtained for S. aureus grown in iron-restricted environments in vitro and in vivo were compared in order to identify new iron-regulated genes and(More)