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The polymer AN69 (polyacrylonitrile-sodium methallylsulfonate) is a reference in biocompatibility in the field of hemodialysis. Its use for the encapsulation of living cells has been already described, but this study is the first description of AN69 hydrogel-encapsulated islet isograft in streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats. The aim of this work is to(More)
betaTC-tet cells are conditionally immortalized pancreatic beta cells which can confer long-term correction of hyperglycemia when transplanted in syngeneic streptozocin diabetic mice. The use of these cells for control of type I diabetes in humans will require their encapsulation and transplantation in non-native sites where relative hypoxia and cytokines(More)
Non-insulin-dependent, or type II, diabetes mellitus is characterized by a progressive impairment of glucose-induced insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells and by a relative decreased sensitivity of target tissues to the action of this hormone. About one third of type II diabetic patients are treated with oral hypoglycemic agents to stimulate insulin(More)
BACKGROUND Encapsulating cells prevents the immune destruction of allogeneic cells in the subcutaneous site as well as allogeneic and xenogeneic cells in the central nervous system. However, when encapsulated xenogeneic cells are implanted s.c., they may be subject to rejection by the host. METHODS Murine C2C12 myoblasts engineered to secrete mouse(More)
Cell encapsulation offers a safe and manufacturable method for the systemic delivery of therapeutic proteins from genetically engineered cells. However, control of dose delivery remains a major issue with regard to clinical application. We generated populations of immortalized murine NIH 3T3 fibroblasts that secrete mouse erythropoietin (Epo) in response to(More)
BACKGROUND New strategies to improve the outcome of encapsulated porcine islet transplantation may involve the transfer of gene sequences affecting islet viability. While adenoviral vectors appear as the most efficient gene transfer system so far established for islets, non-viral-based vectors are most likely to fulfill microbiological safety criteria and(More)
Plant feedstock with specific, modified developmental features has been a quest for centuries. Since the development and spread of agriculture, there has been a desire for plants producing disproportionate-or more abundant and more nutritional-biomass that meet human needs better than their native counterparts. Seaweed aquaculture, targeted for human(More)
Mutagenesis is the only process by which unpredicted biological gene function can be identified. Despite that several macroalgal developmental mutants have been generated, their causal mutation was never identified, because experimental conditions were not gathered at that time. Today, progresses in macroalgal genomics and judicious choices of suitable(More)