Élise Fortin

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BACKGROUND An increase in the incidence and severity of Clostridium difficile-associated disease in Québec and the United States has been associated with a hypervirulent strain referred to as North American pulsed-field type 1 (NAP1)/027. METHODS In 2005, a prospective study was conducted in 88 Québec hospitals, and 478 consecutive nosocomial isolates of(More)
Seasonal variations in Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD), with a higher incidence occurring during winter months, have been reported. Although winter epidemics of respiratory viruses may be temporally associated with an increase in CDAD morbidity, we hypothesized that this association is mainly due to increased antibiotic use for respiratory(More)
CONTEXT Persons with cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have required lifelong anti-CMV therapy to prevent the progression of retinal disease and subsequent loss of vision. OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients who were taking highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and who had stable CMV retinitis could(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore epidemiological patterns of the incidence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and hospital characteristics associated with increased incidence during nonepidemic and epidemic years. DESIGN Retrospective and prospective ecological study. SETTING Eighty-three acute care hospitals participating in CDI surveillance in the province(More)
Sixty Heterogeneous Stock (HS) mice received a battery of six problem-solving tasks and three control procedures. The problem-solving tasks included Hebb-Williams, a place learning task conducted in a plus maze, radial maze, a working memory test following the radial maze, a set of detour problems and a visual non-matching to sample task. The control(More)
OBJECTIVE Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are an important source of secondary healthcare-associated bloodstream infections (BSIs), where a potential for prevention exists. This study describes the epidemiology of BSIs secondary to a urinary source (U-BSIs) in the province of Québec and predictors of mortality. DESIGN Dynamic cohort of 9,377,830(More)
BACKGROUND The burden of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) in Canadian intensive care units (ICUs) is not well established. The present study aimed to describe CLABSI epidemiology in Quebec ICUs during 2003-2009. METHODS The study population was a retrospective dynamic cohort of 58 ICUs that participated in the Surveillance(More)
Redundancy and competition between R2R3-MYB activators and repressors on common target genes has been proposed as a fine-tuning mechanism for the regulation of plant secondary metabolism. This hypothesis was tested in white spruce [Picea glauca (Moench) Voss] by investigating the effects of R2R3-MYBs from different subgroups on common targets from distinct(More)
To evaluate the safety and potential therapeutic activity of humanized anti-IL-2 receptor mAb (Daclizumab) therapy in the treatment of patients with severe, sight-threatening, intermediate and posterior noninfectious uveitis, a nonrandomized, open-label, pilot study was performed. Patients with uveitis were treated with a minimum of 20 mg of prednisone,(More)