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We report an accurate determination of the hydrodynamic boundary condition of simple liquids flowing on smooth hydrophobic surfaces using a dynamic surface force apparatus equipped with two independent subnanometer resolution sensors. The boundary slip observed is well defined and does not depend on the scale of investigation from one to several hundreds of(More)
In this paper we consider the effect of surface heterogeneity on the slippage of fluid, using two complementary approaches. First, MD simulations of a corrugated hydrophobic surface have been performed. A dewetting transition, leading to a super-hydrophobic state, is observed for pressure below a "capillary" pressure. Conversely, a very large slippage of(More)
We present experimental and theoretical results on intrusion-extrusion cycles of water in hydrophobic mesoporous materials, characterized by independent cylindrical pores. The intrusion, which takes place above the bulk saturation pressure, can be well described using a macroscopic capillary model. Once the material is saturated with water, extrusion takes(More)
With the important development of microfluidic systems, miniaturization of flow devices has become a real challenge. Microchannels, however, are characterized by a large surface-to-volume ratio, so that surface properties strongly affect flow resistance in submicrometre devices. We present here results showing that the concerted effect of wetting properties(More)
Nanofluidics has emerged recently in the footsteps of microfluidics, following the quest for scale reduction inherent to nanotechnologies. By definition, nanofluidics explores transport phenomena of fluids at nanometer scales. Why is the nanometer scale specific? What fluid properties are probed at nanometric scales? In other words, why does 'nanofluidics'(More)
It has been shown that the flow of a simple liquid over a solid surface can violate the so-called no-slip boundary condition. We investigate the flow of polar liquids, water and glycerol, on a hydrophilic Pyrex surface and a hydrophobic surface made of a Self-Assembled Monolayer of OTS (octadecyltrichlorosilane) on Pyrex. We use a Dynamic Surface Force(More)
The control of water flow in Electrostatic Double Layers (EDL) close to charged surfaces in solution is an important issue with the emergence of nanofluidic devices. We compare here the zeta potential governing the electrokinetic transport properties of surfaces, to the electrostatic potential directly measured from their interaction forces. We show that on(More)
Reducing the friction of liquid flows on solid surfaces has become an important issue with the development of microfluidics systems, and more generally for the manipulation of fluids at small scales. To achieve high slippage of liquids at walls, the use of gas as a lubricant--such as microbubbles trapped in superhydrophobic surfaces--has been suggested. The(More)
We study the slow dynamics of water evaporation out of hydrophobic cavities by using model porous silica materials grafted with octylsilanes. The cylindrical pores are monodisperse, with a radius in the range of 1-2 nm. Liquid water penetrates in the nanopores at high pressure and empties the pores when the pressure is lowered. The drying pressure exhibits(More)