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The present study was aimed at estimating the genetic variability between lines of breast and thigh meat quality (pH decline, color, drip loss, and curing-cooking yield) by comparing a slow-growing French label-type line (SGL) and a fast-growing standard line (FGL) of chickens exposed to different preslaughter stress conditions. The birds were slaughtered(More)
We evaluated the effects of genotype (Muscovy, Pekin and their crossbreed hinny and mule ducks) and feeding levels (overfeeding between 12 and 14 weeks of age vs ad libitum feeding) on liver ability for lipogenesis and lipid secretion in ducks. Samples of liver and blood were collected at 14 weeks of age from 8 birds per group. Plasma levels of insulin was(More)
The structural and metabolic characteristics of the pectoralis major (P. major) muscle (i.e., breast muscle) and the quality of the resulting meat were studied in relation to breast muscle fiber development in broiler chickens. Six hundred birds originating from a commercial, grand parental, male heavy line (Hubbard-Europe, Châteaubourg, France) were kept(More)
We evaluated the effects of genotype (Muscovy, Pekin and their crossbreed hinny and mule ducks) and feeding levels (overfeeding between 12 and 14 weeks of age vs ad libitum feeding) on energy metabolism and lipid deposition in breast muscle of ducks. Samples of breast muscle (Pectoralis major) were collected at 14 weeks of age from 8 birds per group.(More)
Independent of their nutritional condition, Pekin ducks always exhibit higher i.m. fat content than Muscovy ducks. To understand this difference between species, the expression level of genes involved in lipid metabolism was analyzed in the pectoralis major muscle of Pekin and Muscovy ducks ad libitum-fed or overfed. The lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene(More)
1. A standard (FG, fast-growing), a black local or 'label', type (SG, slow-growing) turkey line, and the crossbreed between these two lines were compared for muscle post-mortem metabolism and related meat quality traits. 2. Ninety male turkeys (30 of each genetic type) were raised under the same experimental conditions until slaughter at 16 weeks of age. 3.(More)
1. Pectoralis major (P. major) muscle pH and meat quality traits were studied in relation to bird response to ante-mortem stress in three chicken lines: a fast-growing standard line (FGL), a slow-growing French 'Label Rouge' line (SGL) and a heavy line (HL). Ninety-nine birds of the three genetic types were slaughtered at their usual marketing age (6, 12(More)
The susceptibility to development of hepatic steatosis is known to differ between Muscovy and Pekin ducks. Although some experiments were conducted to decipher these differences, few data have been produced to analyse the role of specific genes in this process. For this purpose, expression levels of genes involved in lipid (ATP citrate lyase, malic enzyme(More)
We conducted a study to evaluate the effects of intramuscular fat levels on the sensory characteristics of duck breast meat. Combining duck genotypes (Muscovy, Pekin, and their crossbreed hinny and mule ducks) and feeding levels (overfeeding between 12 and 14 wk of age vs. ad libitum feeding) enabled us to obtain a wide range of lipid levels in breast(More)
1. This experiment evaluated the influence of the rate of post mortem pH fall on the processing ability of turkey meat. 2. Four hundred and twenty male turkeys from a selected pure line (grand-parental female line, BUT Ltd) were slaughtered at 16 weeks of age in a commercial plant and pH was measured in the Pectoralis superficialis (PS) and Ilio tibialis(More)