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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the occurrence of autoimmune and inflammatory complications in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) and to determine risk factors and the prognosis of such complications with the aim of improving the definition of treatment options. METHODS We reviewed the records of 55 patients with WAS evaluated at Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital(More)
Whole-exome or gene targeted resequencing in hundreds to thousands of individuals has shown that the majority of genetic variants are at low frequency in human populations. Rare variants are enriched for functional mutations and are expected to explain an important fraction of the genetic etiology of human disease, therefore having a potential medical(More)
Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (SCID) is universally fatal unless treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Following the identification of disseminated Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infections in Canadian First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) children with unrecognized primary immune deficiencies, a national surveillance study was(More)
We have retrospectively assessed the neurological manifestations in 34 patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in a single center. Clinical, radiological, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology data were analyzed according to treatment modalities. Twenty-five patients (73%) had evidence of central nervous system (CNS) disease at time of(More)
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is a rare disease in pediatric patients. The disease usually responds well to standard therapies including immunoglobulins, corticosteroids, and plasmapheresis. However, a minority of cases appear refractory to standard treatments. This report presents the evolution of 13 patients with chronic inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND In chronic granulomatous disease allogeneic haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) in adolescents and young adults and patients with high-risk disease is complicated by graft-failure, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and transplant-related mortality. We examined the effect of a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen designed to enhance(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a frequent pediatric tumor characterized by a poor prognosis where a majority of tumors progress despite intensive multimodality treatments. Autophagy, a self-degradative process in cells, could be induced by chemotherapy and be associated with chemoresistance. The aim of this study was to determine whether: 1) autophagy is present in(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital multiple intestinal atresia (MIA) is a severe, fatal neonatal disorder, involving the occurrence of obstructions in the small and large intestines ultimately leading to organ failure. Surgical interventions are palliative but do not provide long-term survival. Severe immunodeficiency may be associated with the phenotype. A genetic(More)
IgA nephropathy (IgAN), the most common primary glomerulonephritis in the world, is characterized by IgA immune complex-mediated mesangial cell proliferation. The transferrin receptor (TfR) was identified previously as an IgA1 receptor, and it was found that, in biopsies of patients with IgAN, TfR is overexpressed and co-localizes with IgA1 mesangial(More)
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked hereditary disease characterized by thrombocytopenia with small platelet size, eczema, and increased susceptibility to infections. The gene responsible for WAS was recently cloned. Although the precise function of WAS protein (WASP) is unknown, it appears to play a critical role in the regulation of(More)