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Whole-exome or gene targeted resequencing in hundreds to thousands of individuals has shown that the majority of genetic variants are at low frequency in human populations. Rare variants are enriched for functional mutations and are expected to explain an important fraction of the genetic etiology of human disease, therefore having a potential medical(More)
Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (SCID) is universally fatal unless treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Following the identification of disseminated Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infections in Canadian First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) children with unrecognized primary immune deficiencies, a national surveillance study was(More)
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is a rare disease in pediatric patients. The disease usually responds well to standard therapies including immunoglobulins, corticosteroids, and plasmapheresis. However, a minority of cases appear refractory to standard treatments. This report presents the evolution of 13 patients with chronic inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND In chronic granulomatous disease allogeneic haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) in adolescents and young adults and patients with high-risk disease is complicated by graft-failure, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and transplant-related mortality. We examined the effect of a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen designed to enhance(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital multiple intestinal atresia (MIA) is a severe, fatal neonatal disorder, involving the occurrence of obstructions in the small and large intestines ultimately leading to organ failure. Surgical interventions are palliative but do not provide long-term survival. Severe immunodeficiency may be associated with the phenotype. A genetic(More)
IgA nephropathy (IgAN), the most common primary glomerulonephritis in the world, is characterized by IgA immune complex-mediated mesangial cell proliferation. The transferrin receptor (TfR) was identified previously as an IgA1 receptor, and it was found that, in biopsies of patients with IgAN, TfR is overexpressed and co-localizes with IgA1 mesangial(More)
Vpu is a multifunctional accessory protein that enhances the release of HIV-1 by counteracting the entrapment of nascent virions on infected cell surface mediated by BST2/Tetherin. Vpu-mediated BST2 antagonism involves physical association with BST2 and subsequent mislocalization of the restriction factor to intracellular compartments followed by(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are unique bone-marrow-derived cells that produce large amounts of type I interferon in response to microbial stimulation. Furthermore, pDCs also promote T cell tolerance in sterile-inflammation conditions. However, the immunomodulatory role of aortic pDCs in atherosclerosis has been poorly understood. Here, we identified(More)
ABSTRACT. IgA nephropathy (IgA-N) that comprises Berger disease and Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP) nephritis is defined by mesangial IgA deposits. Recently, this group has characterized a new receptor for IgA, the transferrin receptor (CD71), expressed on mesangial cells. To assess whether CD71 was involved in the pathogenesis of IgA-N, its expression was(More)
The recommended dose of IgG in primary immunodeficiency (PID) has been increasing since its first use. This study aimed to determine if higher subcutaneous IgG doses resulted in improved patient outcomes by comparing results from two parallel clinical studies with similar design. One patient cohort received subcutaneous IgG doses that were 1.5 times higher(More)