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Magnesium is an essential ion involved in many biochemical and physiological processes. Homeostasis of magnesium levels is tightly regulated and depends on the balance between intestinal absorption and renal excretion. However, little is known about specific proteins mediating transepithelial magnesium transport. Using a positional candidate gene approach,(More)
We have retrospectively assessed the neurological manifestations in 34 patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in a single center. Clinical, radiological, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology data were analyzed according to treatment modalities. Twenty-five patients (73%) had evidence of central nervous system (CNS) disease at time of(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the safety and efficacy of rituximab in the treatment of childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). STUDY DESIGN We conducted a French multicenter retrospective study of childhood-onset SLE treated with rituximab. RESULTS Eleven girls with severe SLE, including 8 girls with class IV or V lupus nephritis, 2 girls with(More)
The authors report the occurrence of sudden blindness in 5 children (mean age, 32 months; range, 11 to 60) during continuous peritoneal dialysis regimen. All children presented with loss of light perception, visual fixation and ocular pursuit, and bilateral mydriasis unreactive to bright light. Fundoscopic examination found signs of anterior ischemic optic(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and laboratory manifestations of childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at presentation. STUDY DESIGN This retrospective French multicenter study involved 155 patients in whom SLE developed before the age of 16 years. Mean patient age at onset was 11.5 +/- 2.5 years (range, 1.5-16 years). The female to male(More)
BACKGROUND The Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium was formed to analyze the results of hematopoietic-cell transplantation in children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and other primary immunodeficiencies. Factors associated with a good transplantation outcome need to be identified in order to design safer and more effective curative(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the occurrence of autoimmune and inflammatory complications in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) and to determine risk factors and the prognosis of such complications with the aim of improving the definition of treatment options. METHODS We reviewed the records of 55 patients with WAS evaluated at Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital(More)
BACKGROUND The recombination-activating gene (RAG) 1/2 proteins play a critical role in the development of T and B cells by initiating the VDJ recombination process that leads to generation of a broad T-cell receptor (TCR) and B-cell receptor repertoire. Pathogenic mutations in the RAG1/2 genes result in various forms of primary immunodeficiency, ranging(More)
X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP1) is a rare immunodeficiency characterized by severe immune dysregulation and caused by mutations in the SH2D1A/SAP gene. Clinical manifestations are varied and include hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), lymphoma and dysgammaglobulinemia, often triggered by Epstein-Barr virus infection. Historical data(More)
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is a rare disease in pediatric patients. The disease usually responds well to standard therapies including immunoglobulins, corticosteroids, and plasmapheresis. However, a minority of cases appear refractory to standard treatments. This report presents the evolution of 13 patients with chronic inflammatory(More)