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Schistosoma are dioecious digenetic trematodes carrying a large (270 Mb) genome. Gaining knowledge about the genome of these parasites is of importance for the understanding of their biology, mechanisms of drug resistance and antigenic variation that determine escape from the host's immune system. This review will provide an update on the Schistosoma Gene(More)
Although downregulation of receptors by their respective hormonal ligands is a well-studied phenomenon, relatively less is known about autoupregulation of receptors. However, an increasing number of observations of the latter process are now being reported. Here, we discuss the phenomenon of autoinduction of nuclear receptors of the steroid/thyroid hormone(More)
Many postembryonic developmental processes are regulated by an intricate interplay among hormones and growth factors. Thyroid hormone (TH) and estrogen are well known to be individually and obligatorily required for the initiation and progression of amphibian metamorphosis and vitellogenesis. However, whether or not a possible interplay between these two(More)
BACKGROUND Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, a gram-positive, facultative intracellular pathogen, is the etiologic agent of the disease known as caseous lymphadenitis (CL). CL mainly affects small ruminants, such as goats and sheep; it also causes infections in humans, though rarely. This species is distributed worldwide, but it has the most serious(More)
Although the important role of thyroid hormones in regulating metamorphosis of amphibian larvae is well known, it has not been clearly established if thyroid hormones have any function in the activities of adult amphibian tissues. We now describe a strong effect of 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3) on adult Xenopus liver cells. Low doses of T3 rapidly (within(More)
The mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene was partially sequenced for 164 Ancylostoma caninum individuals, originating from five different localities in Brazil, with the aim of describing the genetic diversity and genetic structure of Brazilian hookworm populations. Allelic and nucleotide diversity were moderate (overall h=0.88 and pi=0.016) and were(More)
The hookworm Necator americanus is the predominant soil-transmitted human parasite. Adult worms feed on blood in the small intestine, causing iron-deficiency anemia, malnutrition, growth and development stunting in children, and severe morbidity and mortality during pregnancy in women. We report sequencing and assembly of the N. americanus genome (244 Mb,(More)
Intraerythrocytic protozoan species of the genera Theileria and Babesia are known to infect both wild and domestic animals, and both are transmitted by hard-ticks of the family Ixodidae. The prevalences of hemoprotozoa and ectoparasites in 15 free-living Mazama gouazoubira, two captive M. gouazoubira and four captive Blastocerus dichotomus from the State of(More)
Tick-borne infections can result in serious health problems for wild ruminants, and some of these infectious agents can be considered zoonosis. The aim of the present study was the post-mortem detection of hemoparasites in free-living Mazama gouazoubira from Minas Gerais state, Brazil. The deer samples consisted of free-living M. gouazoubira (n = 9)(More)
Corticosteroids and cyclosporine A (CsA) are important clinical immunosuppressive drugs used in the maintenance of organ transplants and in suppressing undesired autoimmune or allergic immune responses. To study the effect of CsA and prednisolone on the course of an Ancylostoma ceylanicum infection, hamsters were treated with commercially available(More)