Édith Beaulieu

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PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent regulator of angiogenesis, which exerts direct effects on vascular endothelial cells, including endothelial cell proliferation and survival, tubulogenesis, and vascular permeability. In this study, we examined whether Neovastat, a naturally occurring multifunctional antiangiogenic drug, could(More)
Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a transmembrane MMP that plays important roles in migratory processes underlying tumor invasion and angiogenesis. In addition to its matrix degrading activity, MT1-MMP also contains a short cytoplasmic domain whose involvement in cell locomotion seems important but remains poorly understood. In this(More)
Sixty human brain tumors, classified according to the New World Health Organization (WHO) classification including, grade I schwannomas, meningiomas and pilocytic astrocytomas, grade II astrocytomas, grade III anaplastic astrocytomas, grade IV glioblastomas, grade III anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and grade IV glioblastomas and lung and melanoma metastases(More)
Luminal membranes of the vascular endothelium were isolated from brain, heart and lungs by modification of their density. The presence of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) was detected by Western blotting in luminal membranes from the endothelium of the three tissues. Strong enrichment in brain capillary luminal membranes, compared with brain capillaries (17-fold) and(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is associated with the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an ATP-dependent transporter which expels anti-cancer drugs from cells. In the present study, MDR1 P-gp was immunodetected by Western blot analysis in 60 human brain tumors, including meningiomas, schwannomas, low-grade gliomas (astrocytomas, pilocytic astrocytomas) and(More)
The expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter (cMOAT or Mrp2) was evaluated by Western blotting analysis of rat tissues isolated following daily administration (1 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) of dexamethasone over 4 days. Dexamethasone rapidly increased P-gp expression more than 4.5- and 2-fold in liver and lung,(More)
CD133 (prominin-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed at the surface of normal and cancer stem cells, progenitor cells, rod photoreceptor cells, and a variety of epithelial cells. Although CD133 is widely used as a marker of various somatic and putative cancer stem cells, its contribution to fundamental properties of stem cells such as self-renewal(More)
Most cancers are dependent on the growth of tumor blood vessels and inhibition of tumor angiogenesis may thus provide an efficient strategy to retard or block tumor growth. Recently, tumor vascular targeting has expanded to include not only endothelial cells (ECs) but also smooth muscle cells (SMCs), which contribute to a mature and functional vasculature.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-1, -2, and -3 and the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1, -2, and -3 in 12 tissue samples from normal pituitary glands and in 28 human pituitary tumors ranging from Grade 0 to Grade IV, and to establish a correlation between the level of expression of MMPs and TIMPs and(More)
To see whether P-glycoprotein (PGP) expressed in renal brush-border membranes (BBM) could interact with compounds known as modulators of multidrug resistance (MDR), photoaffinity-labeling experiments were performed. A 145k-Da protein was photolabeled with [125I] iodoarylazidoprazosin, and this labeling was reduced in the presence of cyclosporin A (CsA) and(More)