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In this paper, a woven textile containing temperature and humidity sensors realized on flexible, plastic stripes is presented. The authors introduce two different sensors fabrication techniques: the first one consists of a conventional photolithography patterning technique; the second one, namely inkjet-printing, is here presented as an effective, low-cost(More)
Microfabrication, wafer-level integration, and characterization of internally fed arrays of electrospray thrusters for spacecraft propulsion are discussed. 5 μm inner diameter, 100 μm long capillaries and 150-to-300 μm diameter annular extractor electrodes are integrated vertically via a polymer based wafer bonding process, allowing(More)
With the growth of interest in small satellites (<10kg), there is a particular need to provide a propulsion element for this class of spacecraft. Microfabricated electrospray thrusters offer a solution to this problem. By using ionic liquids as the propellant solely ions can be emitted, resulting in a large specific impulse [1]. The thrust from an(More)
Microfabrication, assembly, and characterization of internally fed arrays of electrospray emitters for spacecraft propulsion are discussed. Several different emitter geometries were fabricated, and the sprayed beams from these emitters are characterized for their ion/droplet composition. It is shown that with smaller inner diameters, ionic mode of operation(More)
Two-axis gimbaled scanner used in an SVGA display product with 58deg optical scan angle, 1.5 mm mirror size, and 21 KHz resonant frequency is reported. Scanner is actuated electromagnetically using a single coil on the outer frame and by mechanical coupling of outer frame motion into the inner mirror frame
We present an iterative design method for liquid-tunable aspherical lenses capable of diffraction-limited performance over a wide focal length range. The lenses are formed by a thin elastomer meniscus with a variable thickness profile engineered to deform into an ideal asphere under uniform pressure load. Compared to their more conventional counterparts,(More)
Imaging or beam-steering systems employing a periodic array of microlenses or micromirrors suffer from diffraction problems resulting from the destructive interference of the beam segments produced by the array. Simple formulas are derived for beam steering with segmented apertures that do not suffer from diffraction problems because of the introduction of(More)