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Galectin-3, a beta-galactoside binding, endogenous lectin, takes part in various inflammatory events and is produced in substantial amounts at inflammatory foci. We investigated whether extracellular galectin-3 could participate in the phagocytic clearance of apoptotic neutrophils by macrophages, a process of crucial importance for termination of acute(More)
Cathelicidins are CHDP with essential roles in innate host defense but also more recently associated with the pathogenesis of certain chronic diseases. These peptides have microbicidal potential and the capacity to modulate innate immunity and inflammatory processes. PMN are key innate immune effector cells with pivotal roles in defense against infection.(More)
Neutrophils interacting with a chemoattractant gradually become nonresponsive to further stimulation by the same agonist, a process known as desensitization. Receptor desensitization is a highly regulated process that involves different mechanisms depending on which receptor-ligand pair that is studied. Galectin-3, a member of a large family of(More)
LL-37 is a cationic host defense peptide that is highly expressed during acute inflammation and that kills bacteria by poorly defined mechanisms, resulting in permeabilization of microbial membranes. High concentrations of LL-37 have also been reported to have cytotoxic effects against eukaryotic cells, but the peptide is clearly capable of differentiating(More)
In neutrophils, coupling of chemoattractants to their cell surface receptor at low temperature (<or=15 degrees C) leads to receptor deactivation/desensitization without any triggering of the superoxide anion-generating NADPH-oxidase. We show that the deactivated formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) can be reactivated/resensitized by the cytoskeleton-disrupting(More)
Chemokines are inflammatory mediators with effects on diverse processes associated with the immune response. Some of the proteins belonging to the CXC chemokine subfamily, one of four groups in the family, possess inherent antibacterial activity against a wide range of bacteria. The CXC chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) has not been ascribed any direct(More)
Antibacterial peptides are part of the innate immune system in a variety of different species including humans. Some of these peptides have also been shown to have effects on immune competent cells such as professional phagocytes. We have recently shown that a cecropin-like peptide from Helicobacter pylori, Hp(2–20), in addition to being bactericidal(More)
We have investigated calcium-induced secretion in human neutrophils, using a whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Mobilization of subcellular granules to the cell membrane was followed as the change in membrane capacitance (deltaC(m)). Both the magnitude and the kinetics of the response differed between low and high concentrations of Ca(2+). A sustained(More)
INTRODUCTION Warfarin-treated patients with poor international normalized ratio (INR) control, measured with time in therapeutic range (TTR) or the standard deviation of transformed INR (SDTINR), have an increased risk for clinical events. To what extent only a short period with an altered INR control may influence outcomes remains unknown. This study(More)