Åsa Sjöling

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Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is one of the main causes of childhood diarrhea in developing countries and in travelers. However, this pathogen has often not been reported in surveys of diarrheal pathogens, due to lack of simple standardized methods to detect ETEC in many laboratories. ETEC expresses one or both of two different enterotoxin(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical course of ulcerative colitis (UC) is unpredictable. The need for reliable biomarkers to reflect disease severity and predict disease course is therefore large. We investigated whether cytokines in mucosal tissue and serum reflect clinical disease severity at the onset of UC and predict the future disease course. METHODS We(More)
We identified the mutated gene locus in a pigment-overproducing Vibrio cholerae mutant of strain A1552. The deduced gene product is suggested to be an oxidoreductase based on partial homology to putative homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Mesorhizobium loti, and we propose that the gene VC1345 in the V. cholerae genome be denoted(More)
AIMS We aimed to develop an assay for sensitive detection and quantification of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) in different types of water samples. METHODS AND RESULTS Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays with primers against ETEC enterotoxin genes estA (STh) estB (STp) and eltB (LT) were designed and the detection levels were(More)
AIMS In this study, the main objective was to verify the hypothesis of induction of 'viable but non-culturable' (VBNC) forms of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) during incubation in water. METHODS AND RESULTS Six clinically isolated ETEC strains were studied. Viable counts showed culturable ETEC bacteria for up to 3 months in freshwater but only(More)
UNLABELLED Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is recognized as the main cause of bacterial diarrhoea among children in Asia, Africa and Latin America but less investigated in Bolivia. OBJECTIVE To determine the relation between enterotoxins, CFs and serotypes as well as the antimicrobial resistance patterns in a set of ETEC isolates collected from(More)
Four multiplex PCR assays for detection of 19 enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) colonization factors and an improved ETEC toxin multiplex PCR were developed and tested on Bangladeshi and Bolivian ETEC strain collections. The assays will be useful for surveillance of ETEC infections in diagnostic laboratories that have access to PCR.
Oral administration of Ag coupled to cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) efficiently induces peripheral immunological tolerance. We investigated the extent to which this oral tolerance is mediated by CD25+CD4+ regulatory T cells (T(reg)). We found that total T(reg), KJ1-26+ T(reg) and CTLA-4+ T(reg) were all increased in Peyer's patches, mesenteric lymph nodes,(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes child and travelers' diarrhea and is presumed to be water- and food-borne. Sporadic outbreaks were traced to consumption of contaminated fresh produce, particularly salad leaves as lettuce and parsley. Importantly, the mechanism by which ETEC binds salad leaves is not known. In this study we investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a major cause of traveller's and infantile diarrhoea in the developing world. ETEC produces two toxins, a heat-stable toxin (known as ST) and a heat-labile toxin (LT) and colonization factors that help the bacteria to attach to epithelial cells. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, we(More)