Åsa Fredriksson

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The relationship between the number of randomly accumulated mutations in a genome and fitness is a key parameter in evolutionary biology. Mutations may interact such that their combined effect on fitness is additive (no epistasis), reinforced (synergistic epistasis) or mitigated (antagonistic epistasis). We measured the decrease in fitness caused by(More)
We have investigated the causal factors behind the age-related oxidation of proteins during arrest of cell proliferation. A proteomic approach demonstrated that protein oxidation in non-proliferating cells is observed primarily for proteins being produced in a number of aberrant isoforms. Also, these cells exhibited a reduced translational fidelity as(More)
Protein carbonylation is an irreversible oxidative modification that increases during organism aging and bacterial growth arrest. We analyzed whether the heat shock regulon has a role in defending Escherichia coli cells against this deleterious modification upon entry into stationary phase. Providing the cell with ectopically elevated levels of the heat(More)
Analysis of the molecular mechanisms underlying the cellular degeneration of bacteria in stationary phase (known as conditional senescence) reveals interesting similarities with the aging process of higher organisms. These similarities include the role of self-inflicted oxidative damage and the importance of protein quality control systems in retarding(More)
In embryonic stem cells, removal of oxidatively damaged proteins is triggered upon the first signs of cell fate specification but the underlying mechanism is not known. Here, we report that this phase of differentiation encompasses an unexpected induction of genes encoding the proteasome activator PA28αβ (11S), subunits of the immunoproteasome (20Si), and(More)
The Escherichia coli rpsD12 allele, which reduces translational fidelity and elevates expression of heat shock protein (Hsp) genes, only enhanced Hsp gene expression in the presence of oxygen. Similarly, the rpsL141 allele, which reduces mistranslation and Hsp gene expression, failed to affect the Hsp regulon in cells grown anaerobically. Increased(More)
The influence of induced pyelonephritis without uraemia on the function and morphology of the parathyroids was studied in the rat. Animals with induced pyelonephritis of the left kidney and simultaneous right nephrectomy were compared with animals with induced pyelonephritis of the left kidney and the right kidney left intact. Untreated animals served as(More)
The sigma(S) subunit of RNA polymerase is a master regulator of Escherichia coli that retards cellular senescence and bestows cells with general stress protective functions during growth arrest. We show that mutations and drugs triggering translational errors elevate sigma(S) levels and stability. Furthermore, mutations enhancing translational fidelity(More)
The mMC5 receptor was cloned from a genomic library, mutated in the extracellular loops (EL's), expressed and tested for binding to melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) peptides. The EL's show low amino acid homology within the MC receptor family. Two mutants of the mMC5 receptor were created in order to investigate the participation of these regions in(More)
In organisms with a soma-germ demarcation, the germline must be 'preserved' such that harmful damage is not transmitted to the offspring. Keeping the progeny free of damage may be achieved by gametes enjoying elevated, and/or more functional, homeostatic maintenance systems. This possibility was approached here by testing whether the soma and maturating(More)
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