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OBJECTIVE To study the effect and safety of entacapone as an adjunct to levodopa treatment in patients with PD with wearing-off motor fluctuations. BACKGROUND Entacapone is a catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor that has been shown to increase the area under the concentration-time curve of plasma levodopa by decreasing its systemic elimination,(More)
We have investigated whether side chain-hydroxylated cholesterol species are important for elimination of cholesterol from the brain. Plasma concentrations of 24-hydroxycholesterol (24-OH-Chol) in the internal jugular vein and the brachial artery in healthy volunteers were consistent with a net flux of this steroid from the brain into the circulation,(More)
The brain is the exclusive or almost exclusive site of formation of 24S-hydroxycholesterol and we have shown that the circulating level of 24S-hydroxycholesterol is dependent upon the relation between cerebral production and hepatic clearance. In the present work we determined plasma levels of 24S-hydroxycholesterol in patients with various neurological(More)
The early effect of 1-100 microM roscovitine, a purine analogue and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, was studied on tissue specimens from eight human malignant gliomas. The tissue was incubated immediately after resection with DMEM containing [3H]methylthymidine plus vehicle alone or the proper concentration of roscovitine for 30-90 min. The DNA synthesis(More)
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2), soluble IL-2 receptor (sIL-2R), interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) were longitudinally investigated in 20 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. There were 80 paired CSF and serum samples (range 2-8 per patient) covering a 1-5 year (mean 2.5 year) period. Increased levels(More)
The concentration of nitrite, a metabolite of nitric oxide (NO), was increased in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of untreated patients with Parkinson's disease and in patients treated with L-DOPA in comparison with a group of patients without dopaminergic dysfunction. There was no difference in the concentration of L-arginine (ARG), a precursor of NO,(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) activity was measured in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients at different stages of human immunodeficiency (HIV) virus infection and of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) or other inflammatory (OID) and noninflammatory neurological diseases (OND). In the advanced stages of HIV infection and in OID, IL-6 was detected more(More)
The drug disulfiram is a thiol-reacting drug that is relatively nontoxic when used alone and has been used in the therapy of alcohol abuse for more than 40 years. Several effects of this drug have been reported for DNA synthesis and cell proliferation. In this study, the inhibitory effect of disulfiram on topoisomerase I and II activity was investigated by(More)
The long-term safety and efficacy of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor entacapone was investigated in a 3-year open-label extension of the 6-month double-blind placebo-controlled Nordic (NOMECOMT) study. After a wash-out following this study, 132 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) experiencing motor fluctuations treated with(More)
The results of a controlled trial in which 38 patients with severe acute inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy took part indicate that plasma exchange favourably influenced the course of the disease. Significant benefits were seen in time until onset of improvement, course of muscular weakness, improvement in disability grades over the first 2 months, and(More)