Åke Berglund

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The use of bolus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as a short-term infusion over 10-30 min is increasing at the cost of a push injection, mainly due to practical advantages. Since even a short prolongation of the administration time results in lower 5-FU peak and area under the curve (AUC) levels, there might be a risk of decreased efficacy. The aim of this study was(More)
PURPOSE Preoperative chemoradiotherapy is considered standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer, although the scientific evidence for the chemotherapy addition is limited. This trial investigated whether chemotherapy as part of a multidisciplinary treatment approach would improve downstaging, survival, and relapse rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS The(More)
PURPOSE In the most advanced, non-resectable primary rectal cancers, conventional long-course radiotherapy (RT) (1.8-2Gyx25-28), frequently combined with chemotherapy, has been used since tumour regression is needed in order to allow a radical (R0) resection. In Uppsala, short-course 5x5Gy with planned delayed surgery has been used in patients with(More)
Peripheral T cell lymphomas (PTCL) have a poorer prognosis after conventional treatment than do high-grade B cell lymphomas. The place for high-dose therapy (HDT) with autologous stem cell support in these patients is still not clear. Forty patients, 10 women and 30 men, median age 41.5 years (range 16-61) with PTCL were treated with HDT and autologous stem(More)
UNLABELLED It is debated whether cancer patients treated with chemotherapy can mount an adequate response to vaccination. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ninety-six adult outpatients with cancer, who were undergoing chemotherapy and/or monoclonal antibody, tyrosine kinase inhibitor, irradiation or corticosteroid treatments, were studied. Two doses of the pandemic(More)
BACKGROUND To determine whether the change in tumor diameters at the first follow-up computed tomography (CT) examination after baseline examination (first change) correlates with outcome in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) treated with combination chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The first change was analyzed in a multicenter(More)
Irinotecan and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) are used to treat metastatic colorectal cancer. Irinotecan's active metabolite is inactivated by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1), which is deficient in Gilbert's syndrome. Irinotecan and metabolites are transported by P-glycoprotein, encoded by ABCB1. 5-FU targets folate metabolism through inhibition of(More)
PURPOSE This Nordic multicenter phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of oxaliplatin combined with the Nordic bolus schedule of fluorouracil (FU) and folinic acid (FA) as first-line treatment in metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty-five patients were treated with oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) as a 2-hour infusion on day 1,(More)
PURPOSE Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) is known to protect cells against apoptosis. We raised the hypothesis that elevated tumor tissue levels and thereby plasma levels of TIMP-1 would predict resistance to apoptosis-inducing chemotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Ninety patients with metastatic colorectal cancer were included in the study.(More)
Patients with peritoneal or local metastases from colorectal cancer have a poor prognosis. However, aggressive treatments by debulking surgery and infusional intraperitoneal (i.p.) chemotherapy have been tried and appear to benefit selected patients. We assayed the effects of debulking surgery and i.p. chemotherapy with respect to survival and compared the(More)