Árpád Farkas

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BACKGROUND Type I interferons (IFNs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune disorders including psoriasis. In the presence of IFN-alpha and granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), monocytes differentiate into dendritic cells (DCs) referred to as IFN-DCs. IFN-DCs potentially mimic DC populations involved in psoriasis(More)
Early clinical trials, in which over 1000 cancer patients received dendritic cell (DC) vaccines, tested different vaccine preparations, but they did not always induce sufficient acquired immunity or meet the expected level of tumor regressions. Current studies aim to improve the DC vaccine approach and capture the potential of these cells in order to gain(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation plays a pivotal role in human skin carcinongenesis. Preclinically, systemically and topically applied green tea extract (GTE) has shown reduction of UV-induced (i) erythema, (ii) DNA damage, (iii) formation of radical oxygen species and (iv) downregulation of numerous factors related to apoptosis, inflammation, differentiation(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, hyperproliferative skin disease, in which autoimmunity plays a great role. Natural killer T cells (NK T cells), are suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of different autoimmune diseases. To examine the involvement of CD3+CD56+ NK T cells in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, we investigated the lymphocyte(More)
Alcohol has been reported to be a risk factor in psoriasis mainly based on the observation that there is a higher prevalence of alcohol abuse in individuals with psoriasis. The mechanism by which alcohol affects this disease is still elusive. So far there are no reports describing the effects of metabolites relevant to alcohol metabolism on the growth of(More)
Recent progress in the approach towards immunotherapy of cancer consists in molecular definition of tumor antigens, new tools for phenotypical and functional characterization of tumor-specific effector cells and clinical use of novel adjuvants for optimal stimulation of a cancer-specific immune response such as dendritic cells. In spite of these advances(More)
Many exogenous factors including excessive alcohol consumption have been associated with psoriasis, but the underlying mechanisms still remain elusive. Drinking worsens therapeutic compliance, and decreases the efficacy and increases the toxicity of systemic antipsoriatic treatments. Excess alcohol intake results in compromised immunity and increased risk(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) have a critical role in antiviral responses, in autoimmune disease pathogenesis and in initiating and maintaining inflammatory skin disorders, and are candidates for cell-based immunotherapeutic approaches for tumours. Recent studies have shown the important role of type I interferons (IFNs) in DC differentiation and activation. In the(More)
Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disorder with serious clinical, psychosocial, and economic consequences. There is much evidence that different dendritic cell (DC) subsets, various proinflammatory cytokines and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have a central role in the pathogenesis of the disease. One of the early events in psoriatic inflammation(More)