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On average men score higher on time-constrained tests of spatial ability than women. Both brain and behaviour are influenced by prenatal and adult exposure to gonadal steroid hormones. In humans the ratio of the 2nd to 4th finger length (2D:4D) is a sexually dimorphic character that is lower in men than women and negatively correlated with testosterone(More)
The present article describes the cognitive and emotional aspects of human thigmotaxis (a wall-following spatial strategy) during exploration of virtual and physical spaces. The authors assessed 106 participants with spatial and nonspatial performance-based learning-memory tasks and with fear and anxiety questionnaires. The results demonstrate that(More)
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN In this study we set out to determine the effects of long-term physical training on hemorheological, laboratory parameters, exercise tolerability, psychological factors in cardiac patients participating in an ambulatory rehabilitation program. METHODS Before physical training, patients were examined by echocardiography, tested on(More)
Prenatal gonadal hormones have been implicated as important factors in the development of sex-role identity. The aim of the study reported here was to examine the relationship between adult sex-role preference and the second to fourth digit ratio (2D:4D ratio) in healthy women. There is evidence that the ratio of the length of second and fourth digits(More)
The human visual system is more sensitive to symmetry than to repetition. According to the so-called holographic approach [J. Math. Psychol. 35 (1991) 151; Psychol. Rev. 103 (1996) 429; Psychol. Rev. 106 (1999) 622], however, this perceptual difference between symmetry and repetition depends strongly on spatial scaling. This was tested in three experiments,(More)
Atrophy of the left or right side of the hippocampus has been related to cognitive deficits and psychiatric disease. In this study, we examined the correlation between the hippocampal volume laterality index and the relative lengths of the second (index finger) and fourth (ring finger) digits (2D:4D) in healthy female subjects. The 2D:4D ratio is fixed in(More)
A large sex difference has been elicited on the Vandenberg-Kuse mental rotation test. Prior research emphasizes the biological root of this sex difference. In recent experiments we confirmed this viewpoint. A large sample was administered the test, and the distributions of scores for men and women (N = 138; 68 men and 70 women: ages 19 to 23 years). The(More)
Mobile equipment use of wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) signal modulation has increased exponentially in the past few decades. However, there is inconclusive scientific evidence concerning the potential risks associated with the energy deposition in the brain from Wi-Fi and whether Wi-Fi electromagnetism interacts with cognitive function. In this study we(More)
Caffeine is the most often used psychoactive substance. Caffeine may influence neuroplasticity in animals. We investigated the relationship between caffeine intake (coffee consumption) and brain morphology. Forty-five healthy, non-smoking women aged 19–30 were included in the present study. We used semi-automatic user-independent MR volumetry and(More)
In the present experiment, the effect of a single 30 min inhomogeneous static magnetic field (SMF) exposure on thermal pain threshold (TPT) was examined in 15 young healthy human volunteers. The SMF had a maximum peak-to-peak amplitude of 330 mT with a maximum gradient of 13.2 T/m. In either of two experimental sessions (SMF or SHAM), four blocks of 12 TPT(More)