Ángel Cammarota

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1. We used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to study the role of plastic changes of the human motor system in the acquisition of new fine motor skills. We mapped the cortical motor areas targeting the contralateral long finger flexor and extensor muscles in subjects learning a one-handed, five-finger exercise on the piano. In a second experiment, we(More)
Fatigue of voluntary muscular effort is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon. Fatigue of peripheral nervous system components, including the contractile apparatus and the neuromuscular junction, has been well studied. Central nervous system components also fatigue, but studies have lagged for want of objective methods. Transcranial magnetic stimulation is(More)
The amplitudes of motor evoked potentials to transcranial magnetic stimulation from muscles immediately proximal to a temporarily anaesthetized (Bier's block) human forearm increase in minutes after the onset of anaesthesia and return to control values after the anaesthesia subsides. In order to determine the level at which the early modulation of human(More)
We studied the facilitation of the motor evoked potential (MEP) elicited with transcranial magnetic stimulation by increasing the stimulus intensity and the degree of voluntary activation of the target muscle in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and in normal volunteers. The threshold intensity for eliciting MEPs with the muscle at rest did not differ(More)
We studied the effects of repetitive transcranial stimulation of the motor cortex (rTMS) on choice reaction time (cRT), movement time (MT), and error rate (ER) in a serial reaction-time task in six medicated patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 10 age-matched normal controls. In normal subjects, subthreshold 5-Hz rTMS did not significantly change cRT,(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) of the human motor cortex produce a silent period (SP) following motor evoked potentials (MEPs). The early part of the SP can be explained by decreased alpha motor neuron excitability, whereas the late part is presumably due to suprasegmental mechanisms. In order to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pathological gambling (PG) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a frequent impulse control disorder associated mainly with dopamine replacement therapy. As impairments in decision-making were described independently in PG and PD, the objective of this study was to assess decision-making processes in PD patients with and without PG. (More)
A brief mechanical or electrical stimulus to peripheral nerve afferents from the upper and lower limbs elicited a small and inconsistent EMG response of the orbicularis oculi muscles. This response was facilitated when the stimuli were delivered at fixed leading time intervals, of 45-300 ms, with respect to a supraorbital nerve electrical stimulus. Also,(More)
We used focal transcranial magnetic stimulation to map the motor cortical areas targeting the first dorsal interosseous and the abductor digiti minimi muscles bilaterally in 10 proficient braille readers and 10 blind controls who were matched for age (mean, 50.6 yr) and age at time of blindness (mean, 7.5 yr). The proficient braille readers had learned(More)
Our aim was to evaluate the effect of Memantine (1-amino 3,5-dimethyl-adamantane hydrochloride) on cardinal symptoms of Parkinson's disease and on the latency, duration, and magnitude of the response to a single dose of L-Dopa and on drug-induced dyskinesias. Twelve Hoehn-Yahr III-IV patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease with motor fluctuations and(More)