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Wireless sensor network applications, similarly to other distributed systems, often require a scalable time synchronization service enabling data consistency and coordination. This paper describes the Flooding Time Synchronization Protocol (FTSP), especially tailored for applications requiring stringent precision on resource limited wireless platforms. The(More)
The paper describes a model-integrated approach for embedded software development that is based on domain-specific, multiple view models used in all phases of the development process. Models explicitly represent the embedded software and the environment it operates in, and capture the requirements and the design of the application, simultaneously. Models(More)
We present a novel radio interference based sensor localization method for wireless sensor networks. The technique relies on a pair of nodes emitting radio waves simultaneously at slightly different frequencies. The carrier frequency of the composite signal is between the two frequencies, but has a very low frequency envelope. Neighboring nodes can measure(More)
—The design of reliable, dynamic, fault-tolerant services in wireless sensor networks is a big challenge and a hot research topic. In this paper an optimization method is proposed that can be used to tune parameters of the middleware services and applications to provide optimal performance. The optimization method is based on simulation and is capable of(More)
An ad-hoc wireless sensor network-based system is presented that detects and accurately locates shooters even in urban environments. The system consists of a large number of cheap sensors communicating through an ad-hoc wireless network, thus it is capable of tolerating multiple sensor failures, provides good coverage and high accuracy, and is capable of(More)
Component-based design has become a necessity for networked embedded systems where hardware platforms come in a great variety and evolve extremely rapidly. Operating system components and higher level middleware services call for modular software construction along clear interfaces. The way we describe these interfaces and process the captured information(More)
Multihop message routing is a well studied and widely documented area of research in wireless sensor networks (WSN), where the dynamic and lossy nature of the wireless medium and severe resource constraints pose major challenges. The vast majority of related research focuses on reliable and power-efficient transfer of small amounts of data, such as low(More)
In this paper, we address the problem of tracking cooperative mobile nodes in wireless sensor networks. Aiming at a resource efficient solution, we advocate the use of sensors that maintain their location information and rely on the tracking service only when their locations change. In the proposed approach, the tracked node transmits a signal and(More)
Location-awareness is an important requirement for many mobile wireless applications today. When GPS is not applicable because of the required precision and/or the resource constraints on the hardware platform, radio interferometric ranging may offer an alternative. In this paper, we present a technique that enables the precise tracking of multiple wireless(More)