Ágoston M D Ghidán

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Isolates of Enterococcus spp. were collected from January 2001 to December 2004 from caecal samples of slaughtered poultry, swine and cattle in Hungary. The isolates were identified by their growth and biochemical properties and with PCR. The antibiotic susceptibility of a total number of 1272 isolates was tested with disk diffusion test to ampicillin,(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of fluoroquinolone resistance on the existence and dynamic of MRSA clones. Resistance to ciprofloxacin was induced in strains of community-acquired (CA) MRSA from various sequence types and the fitness cost suffered by mutant derivatives measured in a propagation assay. In addition, the fitness of(More)
In this report we examined the glycopeptide susceptibility of enterococci, isolated in 2005, from slaughtered animals, within the confines of Hungarian Antibiotic Resistance Monitoring System. We determined the presence of the van genes as well as their genetic relatedness in enterococci from poultry. Enterococcus sp. strains (n=175) were collected from(More)
Mutations in the HIV-1 pol gene associated with resistance to antiretroviral drugs in therapy-naïve Hungarian individuals transmitted as primary infection by their foreign sexual partners originated from African, Asian and other European countries had been analyzed. Drug resistance genotyping of HIV RT and PR genes were performed where mutations of 72(More)
Mutations in the HIV-1 genes associated with resistance to antiretroviral drugs were detected also in primary HIV infected individuals who did not receive antiretroviral treatment. Drug resistance genotyping of HIV pol gene was done by in situ DNA hybridization using a Line Probe Assay and by direct sequencing. Viral variants harbouring resistance mutations(More)
The presence of the vanA gene was determined in enterococci from healthy poultry, originating from the Hungarian resistance monitoring system between 2001 and 2004. Enterococci (n = 562) were collected from intestinal samples of slaughtered broiler chickens. The presence of van genes was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The vancomycin-resistant(More)
We investigated the effectiveness of chlorine dioxide (ClO2) solution in comparison to sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) in the elimination of intracanal Enterococcus faecalis biofilm. Extracted human teeth were inoculated with E. faecalis. After preparation the canals were irrigated with ClO2, NaOCl, CHX or physiologic saline(More)
The third most frequent agent of perinatal bacterial meningitis is Listeria monocytogenes, in Hungary, its occurrence is, however, uncommon. This raises the possibility of diagnostical mistakes. A connatal listeriosis case validated microbiologically referred to in this report calls attention to Listeria, as a rare but relevant pathogen of neonatal(More)
Antiretroviral effect of thiolated nucleotide 4-thio-uridylate (S4UMP, designated as UD29) against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) have been quantitatively determined in cell-based viral infectivity assays. In syntitium inhibition assay on MT-2 human T-cell line UD29 prevented cell fusion and formation of syntitia induced by HIV-1IIIB with IC50(More)
Molecular mechanisms of the action of beta-lactam and glycopeptide antibiotics, as well as genetic background and phenotypical features of the resistance of staphylococci, streptococci and enterococci to these antibiotics are reviewed. Furthermore, susceptibility patterns concerning beta-lactam and glycopeptide drugs of staphylococcal, streptococcal, as(More)