Ágnes Szatmári

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Legume plants host nitrogen-fixing endosymbiotic Rhizobium bacteria in root nodules. In Medicago truncatula, the bacteria undergo an irreversible (terminal) differentiation mediated by hitherto unidentified plant factors. We demonstrated that these factors are nodule-specific cysteine-rich (NCR) peptides that are targeted to the bacteria and enter the(More)
Research using the well-studied model legume Medicago truncatula has largely focused on rhizobium symbiosis, while little information is currently available for this species on pathogen-induced transcriptome changes. We have performed a transcriptome analysis of this species with the objective of studying the basal (BR, no visible symptoms) and(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that plants, like animals, use basal resistance (BR), a component of the innate immune system, to defend themselves against foreign organisms. Contrary to the hypersensitive reaction (HR)-type cell death, recognition in the case of BR is unspecific, as intruders are recognised based on their common molecular patterns. Induction(More)
Early basal resistance (EBR, formerly known as early induced resistance) is triggered by general bacterial elicitors. EBR has been suggested to inhibit or retard expression of the type III secretion system of pathogenic bacteria and may also prevent nonpathogenic bacteria from colonizing the plant tissue. The quickness of EBR here plays a crucial role,(More)
Analysis of virulence mechanisms of plant pathogens is often limited by the lack of genetic tools that can be used to identify genes that are preferentially expressed during their interactions with plants. In the present study, we used the newly constructed IVET (in vivo expression technique) plasmid pIviGK and the corresponding antibiotic resistance–based(More)
The leaf apoplast is a dynamic compartment in contact with plant pathogenic bacteria after infection. Among the very first interaction events is the receptor-mediated perception of bacterial surface molecules such as flagellin or other conserved microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs). Apoplast proteins likely play a role in basal resistance (BR) or(More)
BACKGROUND Pattern Triggered Immunity (PTI) or Basal Resistance (BR) is a potent, symptomless form of plant resistance. Upon inoculation of a plant with non-pathogens or pathogenicity-mutant bacteria, the induced PTI will prevent bacterial proliferation. Developed PTI is also able to protect the plant from disease or HR (Hypersensitive Response) after a(More)
The symbiotic cells of legume nodules house large numbers of nitrogen-fixing, differentiated rhizobia, called bacteroids. In the legume Medicago truncatula, the symbiotic cells provoke terminal differentiation of bacteroids, which have altered membranes and are strongly enlarged due to genome endoreduplication and have lost the capacity for division.(More)
In this study transcriptomic alterations of bacterially induced pattern triggered immunity (PTI) were compared with other types of tobacco-Pseudomonas interactions. In addition, using pharmacological agents we blocked some signal transduction pathways (Ca(2+) influx, kinases, phospholipases, proteasomic protein degradation) to find out how they contribute(More)
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