Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki

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BACKGROUND Both genetic and environmental factors play a role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The magnitude of genetic and environmental influences may vary in different populations and can be investigated by twin studies. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, 101 (63 monozygotic and 38 dizygotic) adult twin pairs (n =(More)
BACKGROUND Electronic noses are composites of nanosensor arrays. Numerous studies showed their potential to detect lung cancer from breath samples by analysing exhaled volatile compound pattern ("breathprint"). Expiratory flow rate, breath hold and inclusion of anatomic dead space may influence the exhaled levels of some volatile compounds; however it has(More)
BACKGROUND Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) and angiography (WB-MRA) has become increasingly popular in population-based research. We evaluated retrospectively the frequency of potentially relevant incidental findings throughout the body. MATERIALS AND METHODS 22 highly health-conscious managers (18 men, mean age 47±9 years) underwent WB-MRI(More)
Intravenous contrast medium (ICM) rarely induces anaphylactic reactions, including urticaria, hypotension and respiratory failure. Even the most modern ICM may cause such adverse events. Thrombocytopenia has been reported as an extreme rare consequence of ICM. Here we report on a case of a 72-year-old male patient with a self-limiting severe acute(More)
BACKGROUND Complex indeterminate Bosniak category III renal cystic masses are traditionally considered to be malignant in 50%. Our aim was to retrospectively evaluate the attenuation characteristics in multiphase computed tomography (CT) and to determinate the incidence of malignancy based on histological findings on all Bosniak category III renal cystic(More)
AIMS Cardiovascular autonomic function is often assessed in patients with diabetes by measuring heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity, the heritability of which is not fully understood. The present study was aimed to determine the effects of genetic and environmental factors on heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity in monozygotic and(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple twin studies have demonstrated the heritability of anthropometric and metabolic traits. However, assessment of body composition parameters by bioimpedance analysis (BIA) has not been routinely performed in this setting. DESIGN A cross-sectional study. SETTING Study subjects were recruited and assessed at twin festivals or at major(More)
OBJECTIVE Central blood pressure and aortic stiffness have been consistently reported as strong cardiovascular risk factors. Twin studies by comparing identical with nonidentical twins produce information on the relative contribution of genes and environment. METHODS One hundred and fifty-four monozygotic (MZ) and 42 dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs (age 43 ± 17(More)
PURPOSE Conventional clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC) have different behavioral characteristics and clinical management strategies (nephrectomy vs. nephron-sparing surgery). Our aim was to retrospectively evaluate the contrast enhancement pattern of ccRCC and pRCC and evaluate its possible diagnostic role for(More)