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Safety, ethical considerations, and application guidelines for the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical practice and research
TLDR
The present updated guidelines review issues of risk and safety of conventional TMS protocols, address the undesired effects and risks of emerging TMS interventions, the applications of TMS in patients with implanted electrodes in the central nervous system, and safety aspects of T MS in neuroimaging environments. Expand
α-Band Electroencephalographic Activity over Occipital Cortex Indexes Visuospatial Attention Bias and Predicts Visual Target Detection
TLDR
Electroencephalography data indicate that collateral modulations of posterior α-activity, the momentary bias of visuospatial attention, and imminent visual processing are linked, and suggest that the Momentary direction of attention, predicting spatial biases in imminent visualprocessing, can be estimated from a lateralization index of posterior β-activity. Expand
Transcranial direct current stimulation: State of the art 2008
TLDR
An overview of the state of the art for transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is offered, which suggests that it can induce beneficial effects in brain disorders and facilitate and standardize future tDCS studies. Expand
Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of prefrontal cortex enhances working memory
TLDR
The results indicate that left prefrontal anodal stimulation leads to an enhancement of working memory performance, which depends on the stimulation polarity and is specific to the site of stimulation. Expand
Modulation of muscle responses evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation during the acquisition of new fine motor skills.
TLDR
Trans transcranial magnetic stimulation is used to study the role of plastic changes of the human motor system in the acquisition of new fine motor skills and the effect of increased hand use without specific skill learning in subjects who played the piano at will for 2 h each day but who were not taught the five-finger exercise. Expand
Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord, roots and peripheral nerves: Basic principles and procedures for routine clinical and research application. An updated
TLDR
These guidelines provide an up-date of previous IFCN report on “Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord and roots: basic principles and procedures for routine clinical application” and include some recent extensions and developments. Expand
Activation of the primary visual cortex by Braille reading in blind subjects
TLDR
In blind subjects, cortical areas normally reserved for vision may be activated by other sensory modalities, and positron emission tomography was used to determine whether the visual cortex receives input from the somatosensory system. Expand
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
TLDR
Historical and technical aspects of TMS are reviewed, its adverse effects and how to avoid them are described, the applications of T MS in the investigation of different cerebral functions are summarized, and the possibility of using TMS for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders is discussed. Expand
Diminishing Reciprocal Fairness by Disrupting the Right Prefrontal Cortex
TLDR
It is shown that disruption of the right, but not the left, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) by low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation substantially reduces subjects' willingness to reject their partners' intentionally unfair offers, which suggests that subjects are less able to resist the economic temptation to accept these offers. Expand
Human motor evoked responses to paired transcranial magnetic stimuli.
TLDR
The early facilitation observed at high intensities seems to be a consequence of a rise in cortical excitability induced by the conditioning stimulus, causing an increase in the number or size, or both, of descending volleys from the test stimulus. Expand
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