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A Simple Reason for a Big Difference Wolves Do Not Look Back at Humans, but Dogs Do
A comparative analysis of animals' understanding of the human pointing gesture
There is no convincing evidence for the assumption that the competitive lifestyles of apes would inhibit the utilization of this human pointing gesture, and domestication as a special evolutionary factor in the case of some species falls short in explaining high levels of pointing comprehension in some non-domestic species.
Differential Sensitivity to Human Communication in Dogs, Wolves, and Human Infants
The results support the view that infants and adult dogs will both persevere in searching erroneously in box A because they regard the placement of the toy by a human experimenter as a social teaching event, and propose that shared sensitivity to human communicative signals stems from convergent social evolution of the Homo and the Canis genera.
Comprehension of human pointing gestures in young human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs (Canis familiaris)
Wolves can reach the level of dogs in their success of following momentary distal pointing in parallel with improving their readiness to form eye-contact with a human experimenter during several months of formal training.
Human listeners are able to classify dog (Canis familiaris) barks recorded in different situations.
- P. Pongrácz, Csaba Molnár, Á. Miklósi, V. Csányi
- PsychologyJournal of comparative psychology
- 1 May 2005
Humans' ability to recognize meaning in played-back dog barks suggests that barks could serve as an effective means of communication between dog and human.
Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition
- Á. Miklósi
- Biology, Psychology
- 4 February 2015
This chapter discusses dogs in anthropogenic environments: family and society, change of behaviour in time: From birth to death, and the organisation of individual behaviour.
Comprehension of human communicative signs in pet dogs (Canis familiaris).
The hypothesis is that dogs spend more time in close contact with humans than apes do, and as a result dogs are probably more experienced in the recognition of human gestures.
Attachment to humans: a comparative study on hand-reared wolves and differently socialized dog puppies
Dog and owner demographic characteristics and dog personality trait associations
The effect of development and individual differences in pointing comprehension of dogs
- M. Gácsi, Edina Kara, B. Belényi, J. Topál, Á. Miklósi
- Psychology, BiologyAnimal Cognition
- 7 January 2009
The results, analyzed at both the group and the individual levels, showed no difference in the performance according to age, indicating that in dogs the comprehension of the human pointing may require only very limited and rapid early learning to fully develop.